Skip to main content

Characterization of Sn-doped CuO thin films prepared by a sol–gel method

Abstract

This study examined the influence of the Sn doping concentration on the structural, electrical and optical properties of Sn-doped copper oxide (Sn:CuO) thin films synthesized on glass substrates using a facile sol–gel method. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, scanning electron microscopy, Hall Effect measurements, and UV–visible spectroscopy. The carrier concentration, Hall mobility and resistivity of the Sn:CuO films were 9.14 × 1015–1.08 × 1016 cm−3, 6.14–10.5 cm2/Vs and 47.4–77.5 Ω cm, respectively. The crystallite size of the films decreased with increasing Sn content from 84.1 to 61.8 nm. The band gap trended downward from 2.0 to 1.95 eV with increasing Sn doping content. The results showed that SnO2 doping strongly affects the structural, electrical and optical properties of the films.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

References

  1. Y.S. Chaudhary, A. Agrawal, R. Shrivastav, V.R. Satsangi, S. Dass, Int. J. Hydrog. Energ. 29, 131–134 (2004)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. H.C. Lu, C.L. Chu, C.Y. Lai, Y.H. Wang, Thin Solid Films 517, 4408–4412 (2009)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. J. Zaanen, G.A. Sawatzky, J.W. Allen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 418–421 (1985)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. N.L. Wang, G. Li, D. Wu, X.H. Chen, C.H. Wang, H. Ding, Phys. Rev. B. 73, 184502 (2006)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. T.Y. Tiong, C.F. Dee, A.A. Hamzah, B.Y. Majlis, S.A. Rahman, Sens. Actuators B Chem. 202, 1322–1332 (2014)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. C. Yang, F. Xiao, J.D. Wang, X.T. Su, Sens. Actuators B Chem. 207, 177–185 (2015)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. S. Singh, N. Verma, A. Singh, B.C. Yadav, Mater. Sci. Semicond. Proc. 18, 88–96 (2014)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Y. Gulen, F. Bayansal, B. Sahin, H.A. Cetinkara, H.S. Guder, Ceram. Int. 39, 6475–6480 (2013)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. C.T. Meneses, J.G.S. Duque, L.G. Vivas, M. Knobel, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 4830–4832 (2008)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. P. Chand, A. Gaur, A. Kumar, U.K. Gaur, Appl. Surf. Sci. 307, 280–286 (2014)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. D. Barreca, G. Carraro, E. Comini, A. Gasparotto, C. Maccato, C. Sada, G. Sberveglieri, E. Tondello, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 10510–10517 (2011)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. R.D. Corpuz, J.R. Albia, Mater. Res. Ibero Am. J. 17, 851–856 (2014)

    Google Scholar 

  13. I.I. Rusu, M. Smirnov, G.G. Rusu, A.P. Rambu, G.I. Rusu, Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 24, 6079–6090 (2010)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. B.N. Sumanta Kumar Tripathy, V. Siva Jahnavy, Int. J. Eng. Innovative Technol. 3, 296–300 (2013)

    Google Scholar 

  15. L. Xu, H.Y. Xu, S.B. Wu, X.D. Wang, T.A. Cao, S.F. Zhu, Y. Li, Asian J. Chem. 23, 2295–2298 (2011)

    Google Scholar 

  16. K. Fujimoto, T. Oku, T. Akiyama, Appl. Phys. Express 6, 086503 (2013)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. F. Bayansal, B. Sahin, M. Yuksel, H.A. Cetinkara, Mater. Lett. 98, 197–200 (2013)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. C.J. Brinker, G.C. Frye, A.J. Hurd, C.S. Ashley, Thin Solid Films 201, 97–108 (1991)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. M. Engin, F. Atay, S. Kose, V. Bilgin, I. Akyuz, J. Electron. Mater. 38, 787–796 (2009)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. R.D. Shannon, Acta Crystallogr. A 32, 751–767 (1976)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. R. Etefagh, E. Azhir, N. Shahtahmasebi, Sci. Iran 20, 1055–1058 (2013)

    Google Scholar 

  22. M.Y. Ma, Z.Q. He, Z.B. Xiao, K.L. Huang, L.Z. Xiong, X.M. Wu, Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. 16, 791–794 (2006)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. M. Ramanathan, S.B. Darling, Prog. Polym. Sci. 36, 793–812 (2011)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. K.J. Chen, F.Y. Hung, Y.T. Chen, S.J. Chang, Z.S. Hu, Mater. Trans. 51, 1340–1345 (2010)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. D.M. Jundale, P.B. Joshi, S. Sen, V.B. Patil, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 23, 1492–1499 (2012)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. N.M. Basith, J.J. Vijaya, L.J. Kennedy, M. Bououdina, Phys. E 53, 193–199 (2013)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. X. Zhang, K.S. Hui, K.N. Hui, Y.R. Cho, W. Zhou, R.S. Mane, H.H. Chun, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26, 1151–1158 (2015)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Y.D. Jo, K.N. Hui, K.S. Hui, Y.R. Cho, K.H. Kim, Mater. Res. Bull. 51, 345–350 (2014)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. X.L. Zhang, K.S. Hui, K.N. Hui, Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 305–309 (2013)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. R.D. Tarey, T.A. Raju, Thin Solid Films 128, 181–189 (1985)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. X.L. Zhang, K.S. Hui, F. Bin, K.N. Hui, L. Li, Y.R. Cho, R.S. Mane, W. Zhou, Surf. Coat. Tech. 261, 149–155 (2015)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. F. Yakuphanoglu, S. Ilican, M. Caglar, Y. Caglar, Superlattice. Microst. 47, 732 (2010)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. B.K. Maryam Bordbar, N. Mollatayefeh, A. Yeganeh-Faal, J. Appl. Chem. 8, 27 (2013)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Global Frontier R&D Program (2013M3A6B1078874) on Center for Hybrid Interface Materials (HIM) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning, and by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) through GCRC-SOP (No. 2011-0030013).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to K. S. Hui, K. N. Hui or Y. R. Cho.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Wu, J., Hui, K.S., Hui, K.N. et al. Characterization of Sn-doped CuO thin films prepared by a sol–gel method. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 27, 1719–1724 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-015-3945-8

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-015-3945-8

Keywords

  • SnO2
  • Hall Effect Measurement
  • Zinc Acetate Dihydrate
  • Acetate Monohydrate
  • Aluminum Nitrate Nonahydrate