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A novel chemical preparation of Ni(OH)2/CuO nanocomposite thin films for supercapacitive applications

Abstract

In this study, β-phase nickel hydroxide with a hexagonal brucite structure has been meshed with successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction deposited cupric oxide. The nanocomposite was characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and UV–Vis-NIR spectroscopy. The electrochemical performances of the nanocomposite Ni(OH)2/CuO supercapacitor were tested by cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge–discharge and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy tests in 1 M KOH solution. With the potential window between 0 and 0.5 V, a maximum specific capacitance ~27 F/g was observed at a scan rate of 10 mV/s. Moreover, Ni(OH)2/CuO electrode in the symmetric device shows a low energy (1.0 Wh/kg) and power (242 W/kg) density.

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Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the US Army Research Laboratory—Broad Agency Announcement (BAA) under Contract Nos. W911NF-12-1-0588.

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Correspondence to F. I. Ezema.

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Iwueke, D.C., Amaechi, C.I., Nwanya, A.C. et al. A novel chemical preparation of Ni(OH)2/CuO nanocomposite thin films for supercapacitive applications. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 26, 2236–2242 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-015-2674-3

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-015-2674-3

Keywords

  • Cyclic Voltammetry
  • Specific Capacitance
  • Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy
  • Nanocomposite Film
  • Cupric Oxide