Effects of annealing and deposition temperature on the structural and optical properties of AZO thin films
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Al-doped ZnO (AZO) thin films were deposited on p- type Si(100) substrate by r.f magnetron sputtering at 200, 300 and 400 °C substrate temperatures. The deposited films were annealed in air atmosphere for 1 h at temperatures of 700, 800 and 900 °C. The deposition temperature and post-deposition annealing effects on structural and optical properties of the AZO samples were analyzed using X-ray diffraction, atomic force microscope and photoluminescence (PL). After annealing, the value of full width half maximum of the diffraction peaks was decreased as well as, the intensity of visible and strong UV PL emission peaks were increased with temperature. However, the deep-level emission related with zinc point defects was removed by annealing of the samples. Results revealed that all of the as-deposited and annealed AZO films have hexagonal structure along (002) direction and their crystallinity were improved with the increased deposition and post-growth annealing temperatures. In addition, the surface roughness and the particle size of the films were increased with increased deposition and annealing temperatures.
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