Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 22, pp 13892–13900 | Cite as

High benzene adsorption capacity of micro-mesoporous carbon spheres prepared from XAD-4 resin beads with pores protected effectively by silica

  • Łukasz Osuchowski
  • Barbara Szczęśniak
  • Jerzy Choma
  • Mietek JaroniecEmail author
Chemical routes to materials
  • 140 Downloads

Abstract

The aim of this work was to prepare micro-mesoporous carbon spheres with high specific surface area and large volume of mesopores from porous styrene-co-divinylbenzene ion exchange resin Amberlite XAD-4 beads. Prior to the carbonization step, the mesoporous resin beads were protected by silica formed via impregnation of tetraethylorthosilicate followed by its hydrolysis and condensation. This was essential to obtain highly porous carbon spheres after silica removal that featured the specific surface area up to 1050 m2 g−1 and total pore volume up to 1.35 cm3 g−1. Additional CO2 activation resulted in micro-mesoporous carbon spheres and consequently boosted their adsorption capacity for benzene up to 21–24 mmol g−1 at 20 °C and relative pressure close to unity. Moreover, carbon dioxide adsorption properties of the samples were studied, and the highest uptake of 4.5 mmol g−1 at 0 °C and 1 bar pressure was obtained for the activated carbon. Our findings indicate that the activated carbon spheres exhibit a great potential for capture benzene and related volatile organic compounds.

Notes

Acknowledgements

JC and BS acknowledge the National Science Centre (Poland) for support of this research under Grant UMO-2016/23/B/ST5/00532.

References

  1. 1.
    Marsh H, Rodriguez-Reinoso F (2006) Activated carbon. Elsevier, AmsterdamCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bansal RC, Goyal M (2005) Activated carbon adsorption. CRC Press, Boca RatonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jankowska H, Swiatkowski A, Choma J (1991) Active carbon. Ellis Horwood Ltd., ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bandosz TJ (2006) Activated carbon surfaces in environmental remediation, 1st edn. Elsevier, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Choma J, Osuchowski Ł, Jaroniec M (2014) Properties and applications of activated carbons obtained from polymeric materials. Ochrona Srod (in Polish) 36:3–16Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lian F, Xing B, Zhu L (2011) Comparative study on composition, structure, and adsorption behavior of activated carbon derived from different synthetic waste polymers. J Colloid Interface Sci 360:725–730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Makomaski G, Cieslińska W, Zieliński J (2012) Thermal properties of pitch-polymer compositions and derived activated carbons. J Therm Anal Calorim 109:767–772CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Choma J, Osuchowski Ł, Marszewski M, Jaroniec M (2014) Highly microporous polymer-based carbons for CO2 and H2 adsorption. RSC Adv 4:14795–14802CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dziura A, Marszewski M, Choma J, de Souza LKC, Osuchowski Ł, Jaroniec M (2014) Saran-derived carbons for CO2 and benzene sorption at ambient conditions. Ind Eng Chem Res 53:15383–15388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gwardiak S, Szczęśniak B, Choma J, Jaroniec M (2019) Benzene adsorption on synthesized and commercial metal-organic frameworks. J Porous Mater 26:775–783CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Szczęśniak B, Osuchowski Ł, Choma J, Jaroniec M (2018) Highly porous carbons obtained by activation of polypyrrole/reduced graphene oxide as effective adsorbents for CO2, H2 and C6H6. J Porous Mater 25:621–627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Oh JY, You YW, Park J, Hong JS, Heo I, Lee CH, Suh JK (2019) Adsorption characteristics of benzene on resin-based activated carbon under humid conditions. J Ind Eng Chem 71:242–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wang G, Dou B, Zhang Z, Wang J, Liu H, Hao Z (2015) Adsorption of benzene, cyclohexane and hexane on ordered mesoporous carbon. J Environ Sci 30:65–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Szczęśniak B, Choma J, Jaroniec M (2018) Effect of graphene oxide on the adsorption properties of ordered mesoporous carbons toward H2, C6H6, CH4 and CO2. Micropor Mesopor Mat 261:105–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ryoo R, Joo SH, Jun S (1999) Synthesis and highly ordered carbon molecular sieves via template-mediated structural transformation. J Phys Chem B 103:7743–7746CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Li Z, Jaroniec M (2001) Colloidal imprinting: a novel approach to the synthesis of mesoporous carbons. J Am Chem Soc 123:9208–9209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Meng Y, Gu D, Zhang F, Shi Y, Cheng L, Feng D, Wu Z, Chen Z, Wan Y, Stein A, Zhao D (2006) A family of highly ordered mesoporous polymer resin and carbon structures from organic-organic self-assembly. Chem Mater 18:4447–4464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wang X, Liang C, Dai S (2008) Facile synthesis of ordered mesoporous carbons with high thermal stability by self-assembly of resorcinol-formaldehyde and block copolymers under highly acidic conditions. Langmuir 24:7500–7505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kierys A, Dziadosz M, Goworek J (2010) Polymer/silica composite of core-shell type by polymer swelling in TEOS. J Colloid Interf Sci 349:361–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Krasucka P, Stefaniak W, Kierys A, Goworek J (2016) One-pot synthesis of two different highly porous silica materials. Micropor Mesopor Mater 221:14–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wang B, Zhu C, Zhang Z, Zhang W, Chen X, Sun N, Wei W, Sun Y, Ji H (2016) Facile, low-cost, and sustainable preparation of hierarchical porous carbons from ion exchange resin: an improved potassium activation strategy. Fuel 179:274–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    You YW, Moon EH, Heo I, Park H, Hong JS, Suh JK (2017) Preparation and characterization of porous carbons from ion-exchange resins with different degree of cross-linking for hydrogen storage. J Ind Eng Chem 45:164–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wang Y, Zuo S, Zhu Y, Shao Q, Ni Y (2014) Role of oxidant during phosphoric acid activation of lignocellulosic material. Carbon 66:734–737CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Mughal F, Baldock SJ, Karimiani EG, Telford N, Goddard NJ, Day PJR (2014) Microfluidic channel-assisted screening of hematopoietic malignancies. Genes Chromosom Cancer 53:255–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ke F, Yi J, Zhang S, Zhou S, Ravikovitch PI, Kruk M (2019) Structures and dimensions of micelle-templated nanoporous silicas derived from swollen spherical micelles of temperature-dependent size. J Colloid Interface Sci 544:312–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Jaroniec M, Kruk M, Olivier JP (1999) Standard nitrogen adsorption data for characterization of nanoporous silicas. Langmuir 15:5410–5413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Brunauer S, Emmett PH, Teller E (1938) Adsorption of gases in multimolecular layers. J Am Chem Soc 60:309–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Gregg SJ, Sing KSW (1982) Adsorption: surface area and porosity, 2nd edn. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Jagiello J, Olivier JP (2013) 2D-NLDFT adsorption models for carbon slit-shaped pores with surface energetical heterogeneity and geometrical corrugation. Carbon 55:70–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Jagiello J, Olivier JP (2013) Carbon slit pore model incorporating surface energetical heterogeneity and geometrical corrugation. Adsorption 19:777–783CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Thommes M, Kaneko K, Neimark AV, Olivier JP, Rodriguez-Reinoso F, Rouquerol J, Sing KSW (2015) Physisorption of gases, with special reference to the evaluation of surface area and pore size distribution (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure Appl Chem 87:1051–1069CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Choma J, Marszewski M, Osuchowski L, Jagiello J, Dziura A, Jaroniec M (2015) Adsorption properties of activated carbons prepared from waste CDs and DVDs. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 3:733–742CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Wang X, Ma C, Xiao J, Xia Q, Wu J, Li Z (2018) Benzene/toluene/water vapor adsorption and selectivity of novel C-PDA adsorbents with high uptakes of benzene and toluene. Chem Eng J 335:970–978CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biomedical Engineering Centre, The Institute of OptoelectronicsMilitary University of TechnologyWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Military Institute of Chemistry and RadiometryWarsawPoland
  3. 3.Institute of ChemistryMilitary University of TechnologyWarsawPoland
  4. 4.Department of Chemistry and BiochemistryKent State UniversityKentUSA

Personalised recommendations