Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 22, pp 13892–13900 | Cite as

High benzene adsorption capacity of micro-mesoporous carbon spheres prepared from XAD-4 resin beads with pores protected effectively by silica

  • Łukasz Osuchowski
  • Barbara Szczęśniak
  • Jerzy Choma
  • Mietek JaroniecEmail author
Chemical routes to materials


The aim of this work was to prepare micro-mesoporous carbon spheres with high specific surface area and large volume of mesopores from porous styrene-co-divinylbenzene ion exchange resin Amberlite XAD-4 beads. Prior to the carbonization step, the mesoporous resin beads were protected by silica formed via impregnation of tetraethylorthosilicate followed by its hydrolysis and condensation. This was essential to obtain highly porous carbon spheres after silica removal that featured the specific surface area up to 1050 m2 g−1 and total pore volume up to 1.35 cm3 g−1. Additional CO2 activation resulted in micro-mesoporous carbon spheres and consequently boosted their adsorption capacity for benzene up to 21–24 mmol g−1 at 20 °C and relative pressure close to unity. Moreover, carbon dioxide adsorption properties of the samples were studied, and the highest uptake of 4.5 mmol g−1 at 0 °C and 1 bar pressure was obtained for the activated carbon. Our findings indicate that the activated carbon spheres exhibit a great potential for capture benzene and related volatile organic compounds.



JC and BS acknowledge the National Science Centre (Poland) for support of this research under Grant UMO-2016/23/B/ST5/00532.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biomedical Engineering Centre, The Institute of OptoelectronicsMilitary University of TechnologyWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Military Institute of Chemistry and RadiometryWarsawPoland
  3. 3.Institute of ChemistryMilitary University of TechnologyWarsawPoland
  4. 4.Department of Chemistry and BiochemistryKent State UniversityKentUSA

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