Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 53, Issue 17, pp 12178–12189 | Cite as

Microwave energy-based manufacturing of hollow carbon nanospheres decorated with carbon nanotubes or metal oxide nanowires

  • Selcuk Poyraz
  • Jonathan Cook
  • Zhen Liu
  • Lin Zhang
  • Amit Nautiyal
  • Britta Hohmann
  • Solveig Klamt
  • Xinyu Zhang


Nanostructured hollow carbon spheres (HCNSs), with either carbon nanotube (CNT) or metal oxide nanowire (MONW) decoration on their surface, were synthesized as building materials with a great potential for the next-generation advanced applications. A well-established, polymeric latex NS synthesis method and a simply modified version of a microwave (MW) energy-based carbonization approach, i.e., Poptube, were systematically combined to obtain these HCNSs. Through this simple, facile, affordable and easily scalable “combined synthesis method,” it was managed to successfully produce HCNSs with unique morphological, spectroscopic, thermal and elemental features, all of which were strongly supported by both various material characterization test results and the relevant previous literature data. Thus, it is believed that the as-synthesized CNT or MONW decorated HCNSs (CNT-MONW/HCNS) from the above-mentioned method would soon become the materials of preference for the next-generation advanced applications in various science and engineering fields.



The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from USDA-NIFA and Namik Kemal University scientific research award NKUBAP.00.17.AR.15.04.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringAuburn UniversityAuburnUSA
  2. 2.Department of Textile Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringAdiyaman UniversityAltinsehir, AdiyamanTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Physics and EngineeringFrostburg State UniversityFrostburgUSA
  4. 4.Electronic Materials Research Laboratory, Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education and International Center for Dielectric Research, School of Electronic and Information EngineeringXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina

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