Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 53, Issue 17, pp 12523–12533 | Cite as

Morphology of W fibers and kinetic undercooling in directionally solidified NiAl–W eutectic alloy

  • Jianjun Gao
  • Zhilong Zhao
  • Lufeng Wei
  • Kai Cui
  • Jingying Guo
  • Sen Chen
  • Zhirong Hu
  • Yalong Liu
  • Lin Liu


The relationship between the cross-sectional shape of W fibers and kinetic undercooling in directionally solidified (DS) NiAl–W eutectic alloys was investigated. When the growth rate was less than 8 µm/s, the cross-sectional shape of W fibers was hexagonal (faceted); conversely, when the growth rate was more than 8 µm/s, their cross-sectional shape was elliptical (nonfaceted). Meanwhile, the NiAl matrix and W fibers in DS NiAl–W eutectic alloys presented a particular crystallographic orientation. The crystallographic orientation between NiAl matrix and W fibers was [\( \bar{1} \)11]NiAl//[200]W in the growth rate of 6 µm/s, and [\( \bar{1} \)11]NiAl//[\( \bar{1} \)11]W in the growth rate of 8 µm/s. A critical kinetic undercooling \( \Delta T_{k,W}^{c} \) can be used to predict the transition from the faceted to nonfaceted growth of W fibers in DS NiAl–W eutectic alloys. When the kinetic undercooling \( \Delta T_{k} \) of the W phase was less than \( \Delta T_{k,W}^{c} \), the W fibers’ growth was faceted with a hexagonal shape, whereas when \( \Delta T_{k} > \Delta T_{k,W}^{c} \), the W fibers exhibited nonfaceted growth with elliptical shape.



This work is financially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51374173).


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Solidification ProcessingNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anChina

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