Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 53, Issue 14, pp 10534–10542 | Cite as

Synthesis and characterization of porphyrin-based porous coordination polymers obtained by supercritical CO2 extraction

  • Yujing Xu
  • Qiong Yu
  • Dongbo Zhao
  • Wei Zhang
  • Ning Wang
  • Jun Li


H2TCP and ZnTCP (TCP = 5,10,15,20-tetra(4-(phenoxy-4-yl)butanoic acid)porphyrin) were synthesized as gelator, reacted with Al(NO3)3·9H2O and Cr(NO3)3·9H2O by solvothermal and sol–gel method to give four organic–inorganic hybrid gels. The intermediate gels were extracted by supercritical CO2 to remove the redundant solvent molecules (DMF, EtOH) and the unreacted M3+ (M = Al, Cr), the final H2TCP-Al (PCP1), H2TCP-Cr (PCP2), ZnTCP-Al (PCP3), ZnTCP-Cr (PCP4) porous coordination polymers (PCPs) were obtained based on aerogels. The PCPs were characterized by FT-TR, UV–Vis, SEM, TEM and PXRD. Thermal stability and BET tests were carried by TGA and nitrogen sorption measurements. Results show that these PCPs exhibit superior thermal stability, tunable porosity and relative high BET surface ranging from 409 to 454 m2 g−1. Dyes adsorption experiments were performed to evaluate the adsorption capacity to dyes and the PCP3 has the best capacity which is 589 mg g−1 for rhodamine B (RhB) and 595 mg g−1 for methylene blue (MB). This work provides a promising method for the preparation of porous materials by supercritical CO2 extraction and exhibits some considerable applications in dyes adsorption.



The authors gratefully acknowledge the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant nos. 21671158, 21271148 and 21773184) for financial support of this work.

Supplementary material

10853_2018_2305_MOESM1_ESM.docx (5.2 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 5333 kb)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Synthetic and Natural Functional Molecule Chemistry of Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry and Materials ScienceNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina

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