Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 53, Issue 13, pp 9463–9472 | Cite as

Evaluation of silica aerogel-reinforced polyurethane foams for footwear applications

  • Guang Yang
  • Xueyang Liu
  • Vitali Lipik
Chemical routes to materials


In this work, a simple way to create a nanocellular structure within polyurethane (PU) foam was developed by the incorporation of silica aerogels, and the resultant foams were evaluated for footwear applications. To protect the brittle aerogels from breakage, the softness of PU foams was first tailored by changing the ratio of glycerol and polypropylene glycol. Different amounts of silica aerogels (0–15 wt%) were then loaded into a selected PU foam and analyzed in terms of compressive mechanical properties, shock attenuation performance, and thermal insulation. After incorporation of the aerogels, the compressive modulus, the compressive stress, and the deformation recovery of the foams improved, while the excellent flexibility was preserved. For simulated gait experiments, the shock attenuation capability of the foams was shown to increase with an increase in the aerogel content. These findings can probably be attributed to the improved elasticity of the solid phase and the changed morphology of the gaseous phase as observed from the SEM images. Moreover, the thermal insulation of the developed foams was also investigated, showing an increased trend with the aerogel content.



The authors thank the financial support from Sport & Fashion Management Pte. Ltd. (Singapore).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Sports ResearchNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.School of TextilesTianjin Polytechnic UniversityTianjinChina
  3. 3.Institute of Advanced Synthesis, School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Jiangsu National Synergetic Innovation Center for Advanced MaterialsNanjing Tech UniversityNanjingChina
  4. 4.School of Materials Science and EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore

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