Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 53, Issue 9, pp 6842–6849 | Cite as

Ultra-high-voltage capacitor based on aluminum electrolytic–electrochemical hybrid electrodes

  • Youguo Huang
  • Yahui Zan
  • Xiaohui Zhang
  • Hongqiang Wang
  • Qingyu Li
Energy materials


Low working voltage hinders the wide application of a single electrochemical capacitor, while the rapidly developing industry of electronic components urgently needs a kind of device combining the advantages of high voltage and energy capacity. This work successfully prepared a flexible packaging aluminum electrolytic–electrochemical hybrid capacitor with high working voltage and capacitance, using aluminum electrolytic capacitor anode foil as anode and activated carbon composite electrodes as cathode. The results show that the working voltage reaches 105 V. The single capacitance reaches 580 μF at a current of 100 mA cm−2, which is double than that of the traditional aluminum electrolytic capacitors at the same size. The hybrid capacitor exhibits superior energy storage density and rapid charge–discharge capacity. The gravimetric energy density and volume energy density for the hybrid capacitor is 0.49 J g−1 and 0.62 J cm−3, respectively. It also exhibits excellent cycling performance without obvious capacitance capacity fading. The increase in the energy density of the hybrid capacitor is mainly due to the use of aluminum electrolytic capacitor materials for the anode and the use of electrochemical capacitor material for the cathode, which increases the operating voltage and the specific capacitance.



We would like to acknowledge the financial support provided by National Natural Science Foundation of China (51474077, 21473042, 51774110 and U1401246), Province Natural Science Foundation of Guangxi (2016GXNSFDA380023), Guangxi Scientific Research and Technology Development Program (GuikeAA16380042) and Guilin Scientific Research and Technology Development Program (2016010502-2).


  1. 1.
    Liu H, Zhao K (2016) Asymmetric flow electrochemical capacitor with high energy densities based on birnessite-type manganese oxide nanosheets and activated carbon slurries. J Mater Sci 51:9306–9313. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhao HP, Liu L, Vellacheri R, Lei Y (2017) Recent advances in designing and fabricating self-supported nanoelectrodes for supercapacitors. Adv Sci 4:1700188–1700221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Xu W, Chen JH, Yu MH, Zeng YX, Long YB, Lu XH, Tong YX (2016) Sulphur-doped Co3O4 nanowires as an advanced negative electrode for high-energy asymmetric supercapacitors. J Mater Chem A 4:10779–10785CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tajik S, Dubal DP, Gomez-Romero P, Yadegari A, Rashidi A, Nasernejad B, Inamuddin Asiri AM (2017) Nanostructured mixed transition metal oxides for high performance asymmetric supercapacitors: facile synthetic strategy. Int J Hydrogen Energy 42:12384–12395CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yu JH, Wu JF, Wang HZ, Zhou AA, Huang CQ, Bai H, Li L (2016) Metallic fabrics as the current collector for high-performance graphene-based flexible solid-state supercapacitor. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 8:4724–4729CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ratajczak P, Jurewicz K, Béguin F (2014) Factors contributing to ageing of high voltage carbon/carbon supercapacitors in salt aqueous electrolyte. J Appl Electrochem 44:475–480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ji SQ, Lu T, Zhao ZM, Yu HL, Yuan LQ (2015) Series-connected HV-IGBTs using active voltage balancing control with status feedback circuit. IEEE Trans Power Deliv 30:4165–4174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zhang JL, Lee J (2011) A review on prognostics and health monitoring of Li-ion battery. J Power Sources 196:6007–6014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Xu YX, Lin ZY, Zhong X, Huang XQ, Weiss NO, Huang Y, Duan XF (2014) Holey graphene frameworks for highly efficient capacitive energy storage. Nat Commun 5:4554–4561Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ma S, Nam K, Yoon WS, Yang X, Ahnc KY, Ohd KH, Kim KB (2007) A novel concept of hybrid capacitor based on manganese oxide materials. Electrochem Commun 9:2807–2811CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Khomenko V, Raymundo-Piñero E, Béguin F (2010) A new type of high energy asymmetric capacitor with nanoporous carbon electrodes in aqueous electrolyte. J Power Sources 195:4234–4241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Simon P, Gogotsi Y (2008) Materials for electrochemical capacitors. Nat Mater 7:845–854CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chang TY, Wang X, Evans DA, Robinson SL, Zheng JP (2002) Tantalum oxide–ruthenium oxide hybrid(R) capacitors. J Power Sources 110:138–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    FreemanY Alapatt GF, Harrell WR, Luzinov I, Lessner P, Qazi J (2013) Anomalous currents in low voltage polymer tantalum capacitors. ECS J Solid State Sci Technol 2:N197–N204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Choi DH, Baker A, Lanagan M, Trolier-McKinstry S, Randall C (2013) Structural and dielectric properties in (1 − x)BaTiO3xBi(Mg1/2Ti1/2)O3 ceramics (0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.5) and potential for high-voltage multilayer capacitors. J Am Ceram Soc 96:2197–2202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yin JL, Park JY (2015) Asymmetric supercapacitors based on the in situ-grown mesoporous nickel oxide and activated carbon. J Solid State Electrochem 19:2391–2398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zhang LL, Zhao XS (2009) Carbon-based materials as supercapacitor electrodes. Chem Soc Rev 38:2520–2531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Teo EYL, Muniandy L, Ng EP, Adam F, Mohamed AR, Jose R, Chong KF (2016) High surface area activated carbon from rice husk as a high performance supercapacitor electrode. Electrochim Acta 192:110–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Li B, Dai F, Xiao QF, Yang L, Shen JM, Zhang CM, Cai M (2016) Nitrogen-doped activated carbon for a high energy hybrid supercapacitor. Energy Environ Sci 9:102–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Otowa T, Nojima Y, Miyazaki T (1997) Development of KOH activated high surface area carbon and its application to drinking water purification. Carbon 35:1315–1319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Li L, Raji AR, Fei H, Yang Y, Samuel EL, Tour JM (2013) Nanocomposite of Polyaniline Nanorods Grown on Graphene Nanoribbons for Highly Capacitive Pseudocapacitors. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 5:6622–6627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kankate L, Gratsov A, Kliem H (2015) Nonlinear relaxational polarization in aluminum oxide. IEEE Trans Dielectr Electr Insul 22:1225–1231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Venigalla S, Chodelka R, Adair JH (1998) Preparation and characterization of barium titanate electrolytic capacitors from porous titanium anodes. J Am Ceram Soc 81:2429–2442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Li XX, Shen LH, Zhang DD, Qi HG, Gao Q, Ma F, Zhang CX (2008) Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy for study of aptamer–thrombin interfacial interactions. Biosens Bioelectron 23:1624–1630CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Yan J, Sun W, Wei T, Zhang Q, Fan ZJ, Wei F (2012) Fabrication and electrochemical performances of hierarchical porous Ni(OH)2 nanoflakes anchored on graphene sheets. J Mater Chem 22:11494–11502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Fu DY, Li HW, Zhang XM, Han GY, Zhou HH, Chang YH (2016) Flexible solid-state supercapacitor fabricated by metal-organic framework/graphene oxide hybrid interconnected with PEDOT. Mater Chem Phys 139:166–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Guangxi Key Laboratory of Low Carbon Energy MaterialsGuangxi Normal UniversityGuilinChina
  2. 2.College of Materials and Environmental EngineeringHezhou UniversityHezhouChina

Personalised recommendations