Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 53, Issue 9, pp 6729–6740 | Cite as

Gas-sensing properties of composites of Y-zeolite and SnO2

  • Qingpan Huang
  • Jing Wang
  • Yanhui Sun
  • Xiaogan Li
  • Xiaofeng Wang
  • Ziyao Zhao
Electronic materials


Y-zeolite was first modified by means of ions exchange with Al, Ca and Na, respectively. The modified materials were characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). Gas sensors were fabricated by SnO2 and coating Y-zeolites on the outside of SnO2 surface, respectively. It was found that the responses of the composites of all types of zeolite- and SnO2-based sensors became lower comparing with that of the pure SnO2-based one response of SnO2 sensor to ethanol vapor. It indicates a suppression effect of zeolites on the response to ethanol vapor. In contrast, the response of the composite-sensing materials of the modified Y-zeolite/SnO2-based sensors except the Ca-modified one to acetone indicates a significantly improved response, 2–3 times higher than that of pure SnO2-based sensor which is smaller than the one of SnO2 sensor. The possible mechanism of the effects of the Y-zeolites on the response of the sensors has been discussed.



The authors thank the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61574025, 61474012 and 51602035) for financial support. The authors also thank Mr. Liu Xuanzhou for his help in the experiments.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Electronic Information and Electrical EngineeringDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina
  2. 2.College of Information & Communication EngineeringDalian Minzu UniversityDalianChina
  3. 3.School of Mathematical and Physical SciencesPanjin Campus, Dalian University of TechnologyDalianChina

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