Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 54, Issue 6, pp 4710–4718 | Cite as

New insights into water dynamics of Portland cement paste with nano-additives using quasielastic neutron scattering

  • Kunal Kupwade-PatilEmail author
  • Ali Bumajdad
  • Craig M. Brown
  • Madhusudan Tyagi
  • Nicholas P. Butch
  • Abdullah F. Jamsheer
  • Oral BüyüköztürkEmail author


Early-age hydration kinetics of Portland cement with nano-additives such as nano-silica (NS) was examined using quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS). Cement pastes with different ratios of Portland cement to NS were prepared. The concentration of the NS played a major role in controlling the free and bound water during the hydration of the cement paste. Additionally, the effects of metakaolin (MK) with NS in Portland cements revealed that MK acts as a retarder by decreasing the bounding water capacity during the early age of hydration. An increase in the concentration of NS affected the degree of hydration by reducing the amount of free and mobile water in the gel pores when compared to Portland cement paste. Here, we show that the concentration of NS governs the early-age hydration process in Portland cements.



We thank the “Kuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Sciences” and “Kuwait-MIT Center for Natural Resources and the Environment” for their support during this work. The identification of any commercial product or trade name does not imply endorsement or recommendation by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). We acknowledge fruitful discussions with Dr. Andrew Allen from NIST.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory for Infrastructure Science and Sustainability (LISS), Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Nano-Science Group, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceKuwait UniversitySafatKuwait
  3. 3.NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCNR)National Institute of Standards and TechnologyGaithersburgUSA
  4. 4.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular EngineeringUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA
  5. 5.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  6. 6.Department of PhysicsUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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