Fluoroalkyl-silane-modified 3D graphene foam with improved Joule-heating effects and high hydrophobicity-derived anti-icing properties
A fluoroalkyl-silane (FS)-modified three-dimensional (3D) graphene foam (GF) composite (FS-GF) with a hierarchical porous microstructure was fabricated via a nickel foam template chemical vapor deposition and followed modification. The 3D GF, as an electrically conductive framework and hydrophobic porous substrate, was grafted with FS to further improve the hydrophobicity due to its long non-polar molecular chains and numerous fluoric/silicon functional groups. Porous FS-GF with high electrical conductivity (~650 S/m) is functionalized as a Joule-heating mesh for airflow, which synchronously demonstrates rapid heating rates, high conversion efficiencies, and uniform temperature distributions. Moreover, FS-GF exhibits self-cleaning and anti-icing properties that are superior to metallic and inorganic coatings. The outstanding performances of FS-GF suggest the potential for functionalizing 3D graphene composites using hierarchical structures at the multi-scale and chemical modifications of functional molecular groups.
- 5.Yavari F, Chen Z, Thomas AV, Ren W, Cheng HM, Koratkar N (2011) High sensitivity gas detection using a macroscopic three-dimensional graphene foam network. Sci Rep 1(166):1–5Google Scholar
- 7.Zhu C, Han TYJ, Duoss EB, Golobic AM, Kuntz JD, Spadaccini CM, Worsley MA (2015) Highly compressible 3D periodic graphene aerogel microlattices. Nat Commun 6(6962):1–8Google Scholar
- 11.Mallakpour S, Abdolmaleki A, Mahmoudian M, Ensafi AA, Abarghoui MM (2017) Synergetic effect of synthesized sulfonated polyaniline/quaternized graphene and its application as a high-performance supercapacitor electrode. J Mater Sci 52(16):9683–9695. doi:10.1007/s10853-017-1118-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 12.Khaleed AA, Bello A, Dangbegnon JK, Madito MJ, Ugbo FU, Akande AA, Dhonge BP, Barzegar F, Momodu DY, Mwakikunga BW, Manyala N (2017) Gas sensing study of hydrothermal reflux synthesized NiO/graphene foam electrode for CO sensing. J Mater Sci 52(4):2035–2044. doi:10.1007/s10853-016-0491-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 29.Brostow W, Hagg Lobland HE (2017) Materials: introduction and applications, Ch. 15. John Wiley & Sons, New YorkGoogle Scholar