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MOF-derived carbon coating on self-supported ZnCo2O4–ZnO nanorod arrays as high-performance anode for lithium-ion batteries

Abstract

The C–ZnCo2O4–ZnO nanorod arrays (NRAs), which consist of MOF-derived carbon coating on ZnCo2O4–ZnO NRAs, are rational designed and synthesized via a facile template-based solution route on Ti foil and used as high-performance anode for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). The uniform coated MOF-derived carbon layers on the ZnCo2O4–ZnO nanorods surface can serve as a conductive substrate as well as buffer layer to restrain volume expansion during charge–discharge process. When tested as anodes for LIBs, the C–ZnCo2O4–ZnO NRAs show high reversible capacity of 1318 mA h g−1 at 0.2 A g−1 after 150 charge–discharge cycles. Furthermore, C–ZnCo2O4–ZnO NRAs also exhibit brilliant rate performance of 886.2, 812.8, 732.2 and 580.6 mA h g−1 at 0.5, 1, 2 and 5 A g−1, respectively. The outstanding lithium storage performance of C–ZnCo2O4–ZnO NRAs could be ascribed to the stimulated kinetics of ion diffusion and electron transport originated from the shortened lithium-ion diffusion pathway and improved electronic conductivity benefit from uniformly coating MOF-derived carbon.

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Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (Nos: 51372278 and 21303270).

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Correspondence to Suqin Liu or Zhen He.

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Gan, Q., Zhao, K., Liu, S. et al. MOF-derived carbon coating on self-supported ZnCo2O4–ZnO nanorod arrays as high-performance anode for lithium-ion batteries. J Mater Sci 52, 7768–7780 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-017-1043-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-017-1043-4

Keywords

  • Co3O4
  • Discharge Capacity
  • Electrochemical Performance
  • Nanorod Array
  • Solid Electrolyte Interphase