Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 52, Issue 2, pp 1137–1148 | Cite as

The effects of eutectic silicon on grain refinement in an Al–Si alloy processed by accumulative continuous extrusion forming

  • Yuxiang Wang
  • Renguo GuanEmail author
  • Diwen Hou
  • Yang Zhang
  • Wensen Jiang
  • Huinan Liu
Original Paper


Grains of Al–1Si(wt%) alloy were refined by accumulative continuous extrusion forming (ACEF). Electron backscatter diffraction and transmission electron microscopy were used to analyze the microstructure evolution of the Al–1Si(wt%) alloy. The grain size of the alloy decreased from 54.36 to 2.59 μm after four passes of ACEF. The grain refinement was attributed to continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX). The enhanced effect of nanosized precipitates on CDRX was pronounced. Nanosized eutectic Si precipitates retained a high density of dislocations in the alloy by promoting their generation and pile-up, resulting in an increase in the driving force for CDRX and a consequent promotion of grain refinement. After 4 ACEF passes, the tensile yield strength of the alloy at room temperature increased from 102 MPa to 117 MPa. Further, the elongation of the alloy at room temperature decreased from 38 to 17 % after 3 ACEF passes and subsequently increased to 23 % after 4 ACEF passes.


Severe Plastic Deformation Misorientation Angle Eutectic Silicon Tensile Yield Strength Dislocation Wall 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors are grateful for the financial support provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 51474063 and 51674077 and by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities under Grant No. N150204016.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Processing of Materials of Ministry of EducationNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina
  3. 3.Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of CaliforniaRiversideUSA

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