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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 51, Issue 2, pp 1000–1016 | Cite as

Proton-radiation resistance of poly(ethylene terephthalate)–nanodiamond–graphene nanoplatelet nanocomposites

  • V. BorjanovićEmail author
  • L. Bistričić
  • I. Pucić
  • L. Mikac
  • R. Slunjski
  • M. Jakšić
  • G. McGuire
  • A. Tomas Stanković
  • O. Shenderova
Original Paper

Abstract

Poly(ethylene terephthalate) nanocomposites reinforced with 1 wt% of nanodiamond terminated with carboxylic groups or nanodiamond and 0.3 wt% nanographene platelets were prepared by simple melt blending in a twin-screw extruder to create high-performance polymer nanocomposites for application in high radiation environments. A study of structural modifications introduced by high-energy, 3 MeV proton beam irradiation of poly(ethylene terephthalate) and its nanocomposites was conducted using attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared and Raman spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and photoluminescence measurements. It was shown that the composite materials containing small concentrations of nanodiamonds or nanodiamonds plus nanographene platelets exhibit improved radiation resistance compared with neat poly(ethylene terephthalate) exposed to proton irradiation under the same irradiation conditions. The nanocomposites containing the combination of nanodiamonds and nanographene platelets exhibited the highest stability. Nanofillers, particularly nanographene platelets, stabilized the amorphous phase and increased the crystallinity of polymer matrix exposed to proton irradiation, preserving polymer conformation, molecular weight distribution, and overall thermal properties of irradiated nanocomposites.

Keywords

Amorphous Phase Proton Irradiation Cold Crystallization Trans Conformation Gauche Conformation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Borjanović
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • L. Bistričić
    • 1
  • I. Pucić
    • 3
  • L. Mikac
    • 3
  • R. Slunjski
    • 3
  • M. Jakšić
    • 3
  • G. McGuire
    • 2
  • A. Tomas Stanković
    • 4
  • O. Shenderova
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Electrical Engineering and ComputingUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.International Technology CenterRaleighUSA
  3. 3.Ruđer Bošković InstituteZagrebCroatia
  4. 4.Energy Institute Hrvoje PožarZagrebCroatia

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