Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 50, Issue 20, pp 6624–6630 | Cite as

A facile low-temperature and low-cost process for fabricating super-hydrophobic surface on acrylic

  • Yung-Tsan LinEmail author
  • Jung-Hua Chou
Original Paper


In this paper, we present a facile low-temperature and low-cost water-dissolved filler process for fabricating super-hydrophobic surfaces on acrylic. The fillers are salt grains which are pressed into acrylic by pressure and moisturized by solvent first. Then they are dissolved in water by rinsing to create micro-scale structures on the acrylic surface. The process uses no costly equipment, and is capable of making large surfaces, whereas salt grains can be recycled after rinsing by heating. Most of the fabricated surfaces without any coating have contact angles >150° but slide angle larger than 10°. After coating with PDMS gas at 60 °C, all the fabricated surfaces become super-hydrophobic with slide angles <10°. That is, the present method can turn the originally weakly hydrophobic acrylic surface into super-hydrophobic by coating with PDMS gas by a low-cost process.


Contact Angle PMMA PDMS Water Droplet Large Cavity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Ma ML, Hill RM (2006) Superhydrophobic surfaces. Curr Opin Colloid Interface Sci 11:193–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Adithyavairavan M, Subbiah S (2011) A morphological study on direct polymer cast micro-textured hydrophobic surfaces. Surf Coat Technol 205:4764–4770CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Furstner R, Barthlott W, Neinhuis C, Walzel P (2005) Wetting and self-cleaning properties of artificial superhydrophobic surfaces. Langmuir 21:956–961CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Saarikoski I, Joki-Korpela F, Suvanto M, Pakkanen TT, Pakkanen TA (2012) Superhydrophobic elastomer surfaces with nanostructured micronails. Surf Sci 606:91–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ellinas K, Smyrnakis A, Malainou A, Tserepi A, Gogolides E (2011) “Mesh-assisted” colloidal lithography and plasma etching: a route to large-area, uniform, ordered nano-pillar and nanopost fabrication on versatile substrates. Microelectron Eng 88:2547–2551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jung YC, Bhushan B (2006) Contact angle, adhesion and friction properties of micro- and nanopatterned polymers for superhydrophobicity. Nanotechnology 17:4970–4980CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Accardo A, Gentile F, Mecarini F, De Angelis F, Bughammer M, Di Fabrizio E, Riekel C (2010) In situ X-ray scattering studies of protein solution droplets drying on micro- and nanopatterned superhydrophobic PMMA surfaces. Langmuir 26:15057–15064CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Accardo A, Gentile F, Mecarini F, De Angelis F, Burghammer M, Di Fabrizio E, Riekel C (2011) Ultrahydrophobic PMMA micro- and nano-textured surfaces fabricated by optical lithography and plasma etching for X-ray diffraction studies. Microelectron Eng 88:1660–1663CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhang FX, Chan J, Low HY (2008) Biomimetic, hierarchical structures on polymer surfaces by sequential imprinting. Appl Surf Sci 254:2975–2979CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hurst SM, Farshchian B, Choi J, Kim J, Park S (2012) A universally applicable method for fabricating superhydrophobic polymer surfaces. Colloids Surf A 407:85–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tsougeni K, Papageorgiou D, Tserepi A, Gogolides E (2010) “Smart” polymeric microfluidics fabricated by plasma processing: controlled wetting, capillary filling and hydrophobic valving. Lab Chip 10:462–469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Vourdas N, Tserepi A, Boudouvis AG, Gogolides E (2008) Plasma processing for polymeric microfluidics fabrication and surface modification: effect of super-hydrophobic walls on electroosmotic flow. Microelectron Eng 85:1124–1127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ellinas K, Tserepi A, Gogolides E (2011) From superamphiphobic to amphiphilic polymeric surfaces with ordered hierarchical roughness fabricated with colloidal lithography and plasma nanotexturing. Langmuir 27:3960–3969CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gowri VS, Almeida L, de Amorim MTP, Pacheco NC, Souto AP, Esteves MF, Sanghi SK (2010) Functional finishing of polyamide fabrics using ZnO–PMMA nanocomposites. J Mater Sci 45:2427–2435. doi: 10.1007/s10853-010-4210-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lu XY, Peng JA, Li BY, Zhang CC, Han YC (2006) A polymer composite film with reversible responsive behaviors. Macromol Rapid Commun 27:136–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Xua XH, Zhang ZZ, Guo F, Yang J, Zhu XT (2011) Fabrication of superhydrophobic binary nanoparticles/PMMA composite coating with reversible switching of adhesion and anticorrosive property. Appl Surf Sci 257:7054–7060CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Chibowski E, Holysz L, Terpilowski K, Jurak M (2006) Investigation of super-hydrophobic effect of PMMA layers with different fillers deposited on glass support. Colloids Surf A 291:181–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bernagozzi I, Torrengo S, Minati L, Ferrari M, Chiappini A, Armellini C, Toniutti L, Lunelli L, Speranza G (2012) Synthesis and characterization of PMMA-based superhydrophobic surfaces. Colloid Polym Sci 290:315–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Xu XH, Zhang ZZ, Yang J (2010) Study on the superhydrophobic poly(methyl methacrylate)/silver thiolate composite coating with absorption of UVA light. Colloids Surf A 355:163–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Manoudis PN, Karapanagiotis I, Tsakalof A, Zuburtikudis I, Panayiotou C (2008) Superhydrophobic composite films produced on various substrates. Langmuir 24:11225–11232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zhao N, Xie QD, Kuang X, Wang SQ, Li YF, Lu XY, Tan SX, Shen J, Zhang XL, Zhang Y, Xu J, Han CC (2007) A novel ultra-hydrophobic surface: statically non-wetting but dynamically non-sliding. Adv Funct Mater 17:2739–2745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Hwang HS, Lee SB, Park I (2010) Fabrication of raspberry-like superhydrophobic hollow silica particles. Mater Lett 64:2159–2162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ma Y, Cao XY, Feng XJ, Ma YM, Zou H (2007) Fabrication of super-hydrophobic film from PMMA with intrinsic water contact angle below 90 degrees. Polymer 48:7455–7460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Cho KL, Liaw II AHF, Wu, RN (2010) Lamb, influence of roughness on a transparent superhydrophobic coating. J Phys Chem C 114:11228–11233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kavale MS, Mahadik DB, Parale VG, Wagh PB, Gupta SC, Rao AV, Barshilia HC (2011) Optically transparent, superhydrophobic methyltrimethoxysilane based silica coatings without silylating reagent. Appl Surf Sci 258:158–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wang JY, Chen XH, Kang YK, Yang GB, Yu LG, Zhang PY (2010) Preparation of superhydrophobic poly(methyl methacrylate)-silicon dioxide nanocomposite films. Appl Surf Sci 257:1473–1477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Pareo P, De Gregorio GL, Manca M, Pianesi MS, De Marco L, Cavallaro F, Mari M, Pappada S, Ciccarella G, Gigli G (2011) Ultra lightweight PMMA-based composite plates with robust super-hydrophobic surfaces. J Colloid Interface Sci 363:668–675CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Yilgor I, Bilgin S, Isik M, Yilgor E (2012) Facile preparation of superhydrophobic polymer surfaces. Polymer 53:1180–1188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    McEleney P, Walker GM, Larmour IA, Bell SEJ (2009) Liquid marble formation using hydrophobic powders. Chem Eng J 147:373–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Lee EJ, Kim JJ, Cho SO (2010) Fabrication of porous hierarchical polymer/ceramic composites by electron irradiation of organic/inorganic polymers: route to a highly durable, large-area superhydrophobic coating. Langmuir 26:3024–3030CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Srinivasan S, Chhatre SS, Mabry JM, Cohen RE, McKinley GH (2011) Solution spraying of poly(methyl methacrylate) blends to fabricate microtextured, superoleophobic surfaces. Polymer 52:3209–3218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Scheen G, Ziouche K, Bougrioua Z, Godts P, Leclercq D, Lasri T (2011) Simultaneous fabrication of superhydrophobic and superhydrophilic polyimide surfaces with low hysteresis. Langmuir 27:6490–6495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Papadopoulou SK, Tsioptsias C, Pavlou A, Kaderides K, Sotiriou S, Panayiotou C (2011) Superhydrophobic surfaces from hydrophobic or hydrophilic polymers via nanophase separation or electrospinning/electrospraying. Colloids Surf A 387:71–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Lin YT, Chou JH (2014) A low-cost filler-dissolved process for fabricating super-hydrophobic poly(dimethylsiloxane) surfaces with either lotus or petal effect. J Micromech Microeng 24:055021 (055026 pp.)–055021 (055026 pp.)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Lin YT, Chou JH (2010) Fabricating super-hydrophobic polydimethylsiloxane surfaces by a simple filler-dissolved process. Jpn J Appl Phys 49:127101 (127103 pp.)–127101 (127103 pp.)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Drelich J, Chibowski E, Meng DD, Terpilowski K (2011) Hydrophilic and superhydrophilic surfaces and materials. Soft Matter 7:9804–9828CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Feng XJ, Zhai J, Jiang L (2005) The fabrication and switchable superhydrophobicity of TiO2 nanorod films. Angew Chem Int Ed 44:5115–5118CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Engineering ScienceNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan

Personalised recommendations