Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 50, Issue 12, pp 4430–4439 | Cite as

Effects of incoherent nanoinclusions on stress-driven migration of low-angle grain boundaries in nanocomposites

  • I. A. Ovid’ko
  • A. G. SheinermanEmail author


Stress-driven migration of grain boundaries (GBs) is theoretically described as a plastic deformation mode in metal matrix nanocomposites containing incoherent reinforcing (ceramic or metallic) nanoinclusions. We considered the exemplary case of low-angle tilt boundaries migrating in nanocrystalline or ultrafine-grained metallic matrixes and analytically calculated the effects of reinforcing nanoinclusions on the GB migration process. In doing so, migrating low-angle tilt boundaries are represented as walls of edge lattice dislocations that cooperatively glide in a metal matrix but cannot penetrate wire nanoinclusions. It is theoretically revealed that the nanoinclusions typically hamper the stress-driven GB migration. At the same time, in the situation with small (ultrafine) nanoinclusions, they cause an anomalous effect enhancing (or, in other terms, decreasing the critical stress for unlimited migration) the stress-driven GB migration in metal–metal and metal–ceramic nanocomposites. The results of our theoretical examination are consistent with the corresponding experimental data reported in the literature.


Critical Stress Triple Junction Applied Shear Stress Al2O3 Nanoparticles Disclination Dipole 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (Research Project 14-29-00199).


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Laboratory for Mechanics of New NanomaterialsSt. Petersburg State Polytechnical UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Department of Mathematics and MechanicsSt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Problems of Mechanical EngineeringRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

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