Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 50, Issue 7, pp 2682–2690 | Cite as

High-temperature wetting and interfacial interaction between liquid Al and TiB2 ceramic

  • L. XiEmail author
  • I. Kaban
  • R. Nowak
  • B. Korpała
  • G. Bruzda
  • N. Sobczak
  • N. Mattern
  • J. Eckert
Original Paper


The wetting behaviour and interfacial interactions between liquid Al and TiB2 ceramic have been studied by the sessile drop technique in the temperature range from 700 to 1400 °C. At about 800 °C, liquid Al starts to wet TiB2 and at about 1000 °C it completely spreads over the ceramic. Al3Ti and Al2O3 are found to be the main phases precipitating at the interface. Starting from 1000 °C, liquid Al either fill pores or penetrates along the grain boundaries of the TiB2 ceramic. Scanning electron microscopy analysis of the interfaces evidences that the TiB2 grains remain intact after the aluminium melt/ceramic interaction even at 1400 °C.


Contact Angle Al3Ti Sessile Drop Liquid Aluminium Apparent Contact Angle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



L. Xi acknowledges the Chinese Scholarship Council (CSC) for the financial support of her research work at the IFW Dresden. The German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Poland and the Foundry Research Institute in Cracow are acknowledged for the support in the frame of the German–Polish collaboration program. The authors thank B. Opitz and K. Schröder for technical support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Xi
    • 1
    Email author
  • I. Kaban
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. Nowak
    • 3
  • B. Korpała
    • 3
  • G. Bruzda
    • 3
  • N. Sobczak
    • 3
    • 4
  • N. Mattern
    • 1
  • J. Eckert
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.IFW DresdenInstitute for Complex MaterialsDresdenGermany
  2. 2.TU DresdenInstitute of Materials ScienceDresdenGermany
  3. 3.Center for High-Temperature StudiesFoundry Research InstituteCracowPoland
  4. 4.Motor Transport InstituteWarsawPoland

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