Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 47, Issue 9, pp 4042–4052 | Cite as

Synthesis of A356 Al–high-Ca fly ash composites by pressure infiltration technique and their characterization

  • Grigorios ItskosEmail author
  • Pradeep K. Rohatgi
  • Angeliki Moutsatsou
  • John D. DeFouw
  • Nikolaos Koukouzas
  • Charalampos Vasilatos
  • Benjamin F. Schultz


Eight types of A356 Al–fly ash composites were produced by pressure infiltration of high-Ca lignite fly ash. This type of ash was used for the first time in Al-composites synthesis, and particularly by liquid metal infiltration techniques. After examining mineralogy and chemistry, specific, narrow ash size fractions were used for the synthesis of composites, and properties linked to microstructure and wear strength of the materials. The effect of using ground ash particles on the microstructure and tribological performance of the composites was also investigated. It was concluded that using fine, high-Ca ash particles can improve the properties of composites, and that using ash particles in a ground form can better facilitate the production process of MMCs.


Wear Rate Lignite Tribological Performance Pressure Infiltration Aforementioned Instrument 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authorized personnel of CERECO S.A., Greece is acknowledged for performing the tribological testing of composites.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Grigorios Itskos
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Pradeep K. Rohatgi
    • 2
  • Angeliki Moutsatsou
    • 1
  • John D. DeFouw
    • 2
  • Nikolaos Koukouzas
    • 3
  • Charalampos Vasilatos
    • 4
  • Benjamin F. Schultz
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, School of Chemical EngineeringNational Technical University of AthensAthensGreece
  2. 2.Materials Department, College of Engineering and Applied ScienceUniversity of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA
  3. 3.Centre for Research and Technology HellasInstitute for Solid Fuels Technology and ApplicationsAthensGreece
  4. 4.Department of Economic Geology & Geochemistry, Faculty of Geology and GeoenvironmentNational & Kapodistrian University of AthensAthensGreece

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