Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 46, Issue 8, pp 2622–2626 | Cite as

TiO2/graphene composite from thermal reaction of graphene oxide and its photocatalytic activity in visible light

  • Yupeng Zhang
  • Chunxu PanEmail author


In this study, the P25 TiO2 nanoparticles and graphene sheets (GSs) composite were prepared from a facile thermal reaction of graphene oxide. Its microstructures and photocatalytic properties were characterized and measured using X-ray diffraction (XRD), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) specific area analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), FT-IR spectra, and ultraviolet–visible (UV–vis) diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Compared with pure P25 nanoparticles, the results reveal that (1) there is a red shift about 20 nm in the absorption edge of the P25/graphene composite; (2) the photocurrent of the composite is about 15 times higher than that of pure P25; (3) the visible light photocatalytic activity of the composite is enhanced greatly on decomposition of methylene blue (MB). The photocatalytic mechanism of the P25/graphene composite is also discussed.


TiO2 Graphene Oxide Methylene Blue Photocatalytic Activity High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This study was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) (No. 2009CB939704 and 2009CB939705).


  1. 1.
    Chen X, Mao SS (2007) Chem Rev 107:2891CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Liu G, Wang L, Yang HG, Cheng HM, Lu GQ (2010) J Mater Chem 20:831CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wei HY, Wu YS, Lun N, Zhao F (2004) J Mater Sci 39:1305. doi: 10.1023/B:JMSC.0000013889.63705.f3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wu W, Cai YW, Chen JF, Shen SL, Martin A, Wen LX (2006) J Mater Sci 41:5845. doi: 10.1007/s10853-006-0288-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Balandin AA, Ghosh S, Bao W, Calizo I, Teweldebrhan D, Miao F, Laul CN (2008) Nano Lett 8:902CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bolotin KI, Sikes KJ, Jiang Z, Klima M, Fudenberg G, Hone J, Kim P, Stormer HL (2008) Solid State Commun 146:351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Peter S, Rainer W, Ralf T, Rolf M (2009) Macromol Rapid Commun 30:316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Klintenberg M, Lebegue S, Ortiz C, Sanyal B, Fransson J, Eriksson O (2009) J Phys Condens Matter 21:335502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kothari AK, Konca E, Sheldon BW, Jian K, Li H, Xia Z, Ni W, Hurt R (2009) J Mater Sci 44:6020. doi: 10.1007/s10853-009-3811-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jiang BZ, Zhamu A (2008) J Mater Sci 43:5092. doi: 10.1007/s10853-008-2755-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhang H, Lv X, Li Y, Wang Y, Li J (2010) ACS Nano 4:380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zhang XY, Li HP, Cui XL, Lin Y (2010) J Mater Chem 20:2801CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hummers WS, Offeman RE (1958) J Am Chem Soc 80:1339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kovtyukhova NI, Ollivier PJ, Martin BR, Mallouk TE, Chizhik SA, Buzaneva EV, Gorchinskiy AD (1999) Chem Mater 11:771CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    McAllister MJ, Li J, Adamson DH, Schniepp HC, Abdala AA, Liu J, Alonso MH, Milius DL, Car R, Prud’homme RK, Aksay IA (2007) Chem Mater 19:4396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Schniepp HC, Li J, McAllister MJ, Sai H, Alonso MH, Adamson DH, Prud’homme RK, Car R, Saville DA, Aksay IA (2006) J Phys Chem B 110:8535CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zhang T, Zhang D, Shen M (2009) Mater Lett 63:2051CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Si Y, Samulski ET (2008) Nano Lett 8:1679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bao Q, Bao S, Li CM, Qi X, Pan C, Zang J, Lu Z, Li Y, Tang DY, Zang S, Lian K (2008) J Phys Chem C 112:3612CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wang Y, Shao Y, Matson DW, Li J, Lin Y (2010) ACS Nano 4:1790CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zhang J, Pan C, Fang P, Wei J, Xiong R (2010) ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2:1173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wan L, Li JF, Feng JY, Sun W, Mao ZQ (2007) Mater Sci Eng B 139:216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zhang LW, Fu HB, Zhu YF (2008) Adv Funct Mater 18:2180CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Physics and Technology and Key Laboratory of Artificial Micro- and Nano-Structures of Ministry of Education, Wuhan UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Center for Electron MicroscopyWuhan UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations