Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 418–428 | Cite as

Kinetic parameters during the tempering of low-alloy steel through the non-isothermal dilatometry

  • J. A. V. Leiva
  • E. V. MoralesEmail author
  • E. Villar-Cociña
  • C. A. Donis
  • Ivani de S. Bott


The kinetic study of the tempering reactions of a low-alloy steel (AISI 1050) was carried out through non-isothermal dilatometry. The kinetic parameters of the first and third stages on tempering (here referred to as processes I and II) are calculated by procedures which assume that the nucleation and growth reactions obey a Kolmogorov–Johnson–Mehl–Avrami (KJMA) kinetic model. The recipes to obtain the kinetic parameters (E, K0, n) of the reactions on tempering are presented. The first stage of tempering is characterized by the growth of the transition carbide nuclei formed during the quenching, n = 1 (site saturation situation). This stage is controlled by the pipe diffusion of the iron atoms. The third stage of tempering is characterized by the cementite nucleation on dislocations due to the gradual dissolution of the transition carbide, n = 0.66. The cementite growth is controlled by diffusion of the iron atoms through dislocations and in the matrix.


Austenite Cementite Inflection Point Iron Atom Dilatometry 



The authors wish to thank Dr. M. LLanes for reading through the manuscript. They also wish to thank Engineering School of the University of São Paulo in São Carlos, Brazil by the dilatometry experiments and Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES) in Brazil for the financial support offered by the project CAPES-MES/Cuba No. 046/08.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. V. Leiva
    • 1
  • E. V. Morales
    • 1
    Email author
  • E. Villar-Cociña
    • 1
  • C. A. Donis
    • 2
  • Ivani de S. Bott
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsLas Villas Central UniversitySanta ClaraCuba
  2. 2.Computer Science DepartmentLas Villas Central UniversitySanta ClaraCuba
  3. 3.Department of Materials Science and MetallurgyCatholic University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil

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