We studied the annealing effect on the structural, optical, and electrical properties of sputtered CuAlO2 films. It is found that the crystallinity of CuAlO2 films is improved with increasing the annealing temperature in N2 ambient, and the film annealed at 900 °C presents the excellent preferred (001) orientation in X-ray diffraction patterns as well as Raman scattering signals, A1g and Eg. The optical absorption edge of the annealed films is observed extremely complex. Four optical bandgaps estimated are distributed in the following energy regions: ~3.00, ~3.15, ~3.50, and ~3.75 eV, which might originate from different direct transitions in CuAlO2 energy band, respectively. For the annealed CuAlO2 films, the resistivity decreases three orders of magnitude, which is attributed to the contribution of intrinsic defects, Cu vacancy and interstitial oxygen.
Quartz Substrate Annealed Film CuAlO2 Interstitial Oxygen Direct Bandgap
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The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 50802037), the Excellent Persons in Science and Engineering of Beijing (20061D0501500199), and the Youth Teacher Sustentation Plan of School of Physical Science and Technology of Lanzhou University (No. WL200705).