Emerging biodegradable materials: starch- and protein-based bio-nanocomposites

Abstract

This article provides a broad overview on the natural polymer-based bio-nanocomposite properties, processing and application. Bio-nanocomposites prepared with natural biopolymers, such as starch and protein, can be formed using a melt intercalation or a solvent intercalation method. Incorporation of layered silicates into the biopolymer matrices results in improved mechanical properties, water vapor barrier properties, and thermal stability of the resulting bio-nanocomposites without sacrificing biodegradability due to their nanometer size dispersion. Consequently, even though natural polymer-based bio-nanocomposite is in its infancy, it has a huge potential in the future.

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Correspondence to Ruixiang Zhao.

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Zhao, R., Torley, P. & Halley, P.J. Emerging biodegradable materials: starch- and protein-based bio-nanocomposites. J Mater Sci 43, 3058–3071 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-007-2434-8

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Keywords

  • Starch
  • Whey Protein
  • Nanocomposite Film
  • Layered Silicate
  • Soybean Protein