Wear-induced microstructure in Ni/Cu nano-multilayers

  • Tomoya Hattori
  • Yoshihisa Kaneko
  • Satoshi Hashimoto
Intergranular and Interphase Boundaries in Materials


Sliding wear tests were carried out in order to investigate wear resistance and resultant microstructure of Ni/Cu multilayers. The Ni/Cu multilayers having the component layer thickness h ranging from 5 to 100 nm were fabricated on copper substrates using the elecrodeposition technique. It was found that the wear depths in the multilayers were less than one-fifth of that of a conventional nickel coating at a high load condition. The wear resistance of the multilayer was almost independent of the component layer thickness, except the multilayer of h = 100 nm whose resistance was lower than those of the others. The observation of cross section revealed that the grains were generated locally near the worn surface in the Ni/Cu multilayers. Surface cracks were grown in such grained areas. The multilayer having a large grained area showed relatively low wear resistance. From the TEM observation, there were many equiaxed grains without the laminated structure. It is conceivable that the equiaxed grains without the laminated structure were formed due to dynamic recrystallization occurring after the laminated structure was annihilated by severe deformation. Assuming that the annihilation period is required for the wear of the Ni/Cu multilayer, the high wear resistance can be obtained regardless of the strengths of the multilayers.


Wear Resistance Wear Surface Dynamic Recrystallization Wear Track Transmission Electron Microscope Observation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was financially supported by the MEXT Grants-In-Aid for Scientific Research (#16760573).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomoya Hattori
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yoshihisa Kaneko
    • 2
  • Satoshi Hashimoto
    • 2
  1. 1.Material Engineering R&D DepartmentJTEKT CorporationKashiwaraJapan
  2. 2.Department of Intelligent Materials Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringOsaka City UniversityOsakaJapan

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