Direct ink-jet printing and low temperature conversion of conductive silver patterns

Abstract

A drop-on-demand ink-jet printer has been used in the production of conductive silver tracks onto glass, polyimide, polytetrafluoroethylene, carbon and glass fibre reinforced epoxy substrates. Silver patterns were obtained from an organometallic solution by heat treatment at 150°C in air and were found to have resistivity values of 1.3 to 2 times the theoretical resisitivity of bulk silver. Printed track lateral resolution is a function of the ink/substrate wetting behaviour and a simple model is presented that relates track width to equilibrium contact angle. The influence of printing parameters and substrate surface properties on line quality is discussed.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    K. F. TENG and R. W. VEST, IEEE T. Compon. Hybr. 11 (1988) 291.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    K. F. TENG and R. W. VEST, IEEE T. Compon. Hybr. 10 (1987) 545.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    T. CUK, S. M. TROIAN, C. M. HONG and S. WAGNER, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77 (2000) 2063.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    S. MOLESA, D. R. REDINGER, D. C. HUANG and V. SUBRAMANIAN, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 769 (2003) H8.3.1.

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    T. KAYDANOVA, A. MIEDANER, C. CURTIS, J. PERKINS, J. ALLEMAN and D. GINLEY, in Proceedings of the National Centre for Photovoltaics and Solar Program Review Meeting (Denver, Colorado, March 2003).

  6. 6.

    D. R. LIDE (Eds.) in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 77th edn. (Boca Raton, CRC press, 1996) p. 12.

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    R. W. VEST, in Ceramic Films and Coatings Chapter 9, edited by J. B. Wachtman and R. A. Haber (William Andrew Publishing/Noyes, 1993) p. 303.

  8. 8.

    S. B. FULLER, E. J. WILHELM and J. M. JACOBSON, J. Microelectromech. S. 11(1) (2002) 54.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    J. B. SZCZECH, C. M. MEGARIDIS, D. R. GAMOTA and J. ZHANG, IEEE T. Electron. Pack. 25 (2002) 26.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    N. REIS, C. AINSLEY and B. DERBY, J. Appl. Phys. (in press).

  11. 11.

    R. D. DEEGAN, O. BAKAJIN, T. F. DUPONT, G. HUBER, S. R. NAGEL and T. A. WITTEN, Nature 389 (1997) 827.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    R. W. VEST, E. P. TWEEDELL and R. C. BUCHANAN, Int. J. Hybrid Microelectron. 6 (1983) 261.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    https://doi.org/www.microfab.com/equipment/pdf/MicroJet_Dev_Spec.pdf (last accessed on the 16th February 2005).

  14. 14.

    J. F. DIJKSMAN, J. Fluid. Mech. 139 (1984) 173.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    N. REIS and B. DERBY, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 624 (2000) 65.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to P. J. Smith.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Smith, P.J., Shin, DY., Stringer, J.E. et al. Direct ink-jet printing and low temperature conversion of conductive silver patterns. J Mater Sci 41, 4153–4158 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-006-6653-1

Download citation

Keywords

  • Contact Angle
  • Equilibrium Contact Angle
  • Track Width
  • Print Head
  • Bulk Silver