Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 13, pp 4785–4791 | Cite as

Synthesis by the solution combustion process and magnetic properties of iron oxide (Fe3O4 and α-Fe2O3) particles

  • Juliano TonioloEmail author
  • Antonio S. Takimi
  • Mônica J. Andrade
  • Renato Bonadiman
  • Carlos P. Bergmann


This article describes the solution combustion synthesis technique as applicable to iron oxide powder production using urea as fuel and ferric nitrate as an oxidizer. It focuses on the thermodynamic modeling of the combustion reaction under different fuel-to-oxidant ratios. X-ray diffraction showed magnetite (Fe3O4) and hematite (α-Fe2O3) phase formations for the as-synthesized powders. The smallest crystallite size was obtained by stoichiometric chemical reaction. The magnetic properties of the samples are also carefully discussed as superparamagnetic behavior.


Magnetite Hematite Maghemite Ferric Nitrate Solution Combustion Synthesis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Thanks are due to Undergraduate student Luciana J. Stein for combustion synthesis measurements, Eng. Hugo J. de Andrade for providing support on Scanning Electron Microscopy and Angelo R. Morrone for the aid in Vibrating Sample Magnetometer technique.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juliano Toniolo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Antonio S. Takimi
    • 1
  • Mônica J. Andrade
    • 1
  • Renato Bonadiman
    • 1
  • Carlos P. Bergmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials EngineeringFederal University of Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil

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