Modulus spectroscopy of lead potassium titanium niobate (Pb0.95K0.1Ti0.25Nb1.8O6) ceramics
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The modulus Spectroscopy of Lead Potassium Titanium Niobate (Pb0.95K0.1Ti0.25Nb1.8O6, PKTN) Ceramics was investigated in the frequency range from 45 Hz to 5 MHz and the temperature, from 30 to 600 °C. XRD analysis in PKTN indicated a orthorhombic structure with lattice parameters a = 18.0809 Å, b = 18.1909 Å and c = 3.6002 Å. The dielectric anomaly with a peak was observed at 510 °C. Variation of εI and εII with frequency at different temperatures exhibit high values, which reflects the effect of space charge polarization and/or conduction ion motion. The electrical relaxation in ionically conducting PKTN ceramic analyzed in terms of Impedance and Modulus formalism. The Cole–Cole plots of impedance were drawn at different temperatures. The dielectric modulus, which describes the dielectric relaxation behaviour is fitted to the Kohlrausch exponential function. Near the phase transition temperature, a stretched exponential parameter β indicating the degree of distribution of the relaxation time has a small value. From the AC conductivity measurements the activation energy near phase transition temperature (T C°C) has been found to different from that of the above and below T C. The temperature dependence of electrical modulus has been studied and results are discussed.
KeywordsPhase Transition Temperature Boundary Resistance Electrical Modulus Cole Plot Space Charge Polarization
Authors K.S. Rao and P. Murali Krishna thanks DRDO—New Delhi, for sanction of a research project and junior research fellowship.
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