Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 41, Issue 15, pp 4744–4748 | Cite as

Photophysical properties of Eu3+ and Tb3+-doped ZnAl2O4 phosphors obtained by combustion reaction

  • B. S. Barros
  • P. S. Melo
  • R. H. G. A. KiminamiEmail author
  • A. C. F. M. Costa
  • G. F. de Sá
  • S. AlvesJr


Europium- and terbium-doped zinc aluminate oxide nanocrystals with a spinel structure were successfully prepared by a combustion method, using urea as fuel. The samples thus obtained were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and luminescence spectroscopy. X-ray diffraction results confirmed the formation of ZnAl2O4 spinel phase and a minor amount of ZnO. Our SEM results revealed agglomerates in the shape of irregular plates composed of nanoparticles with dispersed points of second phase in the surface. Powders containing Eu3+ and Tb3+ ions displayed red and green photoluminescence, respectively.


Terbium Combustion Reaction ZnAl2O4 Zinc Aluminate Field Emission Display 



The authors would like to thank the Brazilian institutions CAPES and RENAMI-CNPq for their financial support of this research.


  1. 1.
    Strek W, Deren P, Bednarkiewicz A, Zawadaski M, Wrzyszcz J (2000) J Alloys Comp 300–301:456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Blasse G (1994) Luminescent Materials. Springer, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yen WM, Shionoya S (eds) (1998) Phosphor Handbook. CRC press, Boca Raton, FLGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lou Z, Hao J (2004) Thin Solid Films 450:334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Xu Z, Li Y, Liu Z, Xiong Z (2004) Mater Sci Eng B 110:3002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bang J, Abloudi M, Abrams B, Holloway PH (2004) J Lumin 106:171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Leskela M (1998) J Alloys Comp 275–277:702CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hill RJ, Craig JR, Gibbs GV (1979) Phys Chem Minerals 4:317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sampath SK, Cordor JF (1998) J Am Ceram Soc 81:649CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mathur S, Veth M, Mass M, Shem H, Lecerf N, Huch V, Aufier S, Haberkorn R, Beck HP, Jilab M (2001) J Am Ceram Soc 84:1921CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sampath SK, Kanhere DG, Randey R (1999) J Phys Condens Matter 11:3635CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zawadzki M, Wrzyszcz J, Strek W, Hreniak D (2001) J Alloys Compounds 323–324:279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Omata T, Veda N, Veda K (1994) Appl Phys Lett 64:1077CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gu F, Wang SF, Lu MK, Qi YX, Zhou GJ, Xu D, Yuan DR (2004) Optical Mater 25:59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lou Z, Hao J (2004) Thin Solid Films 450:334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Dieke GH (1968) In: Crosswhite HM and Crosswhite H (ed) Spectra and Energy Levels of Rare Earth Ions in Crystals, Interscience Publishers, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Barros BS, Costa ACFM, Kiminami RHAG, Gama L (2004) J. Metastable Nanocryst Mater 20–21:325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Jain SR, Adiga KC, Vernek VP (1981) Combustión Flame 40:71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Dong C (1997) Powder-X Report. Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Klung H, Alexander L (1962) In X-ray diffraction procedures. Willey, New York, EUA, p 491Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    García-Hipólito M, Hernández-Pérez CD, Alvarez-Fregoso O, Martínez E, Guzmán-Mendoza J, Falcony C (2003) Optical Materials 22:345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Silva JEC (1997) Geração e controle das cores-luz primárias em materiais vítreos dopados com tríades de lantanídeos. Recife, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências, UFPE, Dissertação de mestradoGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. S. Barros
    • 1
  • P. S. Melo
    • 1
  • R. H. G. A. Kiminami
    • 3
    Email author
  • A. C. F. M. Costa
    • 1
  • G. F. de Sá
    • 2
  • S. AlvesJr
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Materials EngineeringFederal University of Campina GrandeCampina GrandeBrazil
  2. 2.Rare Earth Laboratory – BSTR, Department of Fundamental ChemistryFederal University of PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Materials EngineeringFederal University of São CarlosSão CarlosBrazil

Personalised recommendations