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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 107–116 | Cite as

Piezoresponse force microscopy and recent advances in nanoscale studies of ferroelectrics

  • A. GruvermanEmail author
  • S. V. Kalinin
Article

Abstract

In this paper, we review recent advances in piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) with respect to nanoscale ferroelectric research, summarize the basic principles of PFM, illustrate what information can be obtained from PFM experiments and delineate the limitations of PFM signal interpretation relevant to quantitative imaging of a broad range of piezoelectrically active materials. Particular attention is given to orientational PFM imaging and data interpretation as well as to electromechanics and kinetics of nanoscale ferroelectric switching in PFM.

Keywords

Lithium Niobate Ferroelectric Material Piezoresponse Force Microscopy Domain Wall Velocity Domain Nucleation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.North Carolina State UniversityRaleigh
  2. 2.Oak Ridge National LaboratoryOak Ridge

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