Drones Are Flying outside of Segregated Airspace in Poland

New Rules for BVLOS UAV Operations


Poland was one of the first European countries to adopt a national regulatory framework for the operation of drones. During its first years (2013–2016), the national regulator was more focused on VLOS operations, and BVLOS operations were possible only in segregated airspace. Since 2019, a new law has allowed for certain types of BVLOS operations to be conducted outside of segregated airspace, at very low levels. This paper will analyze how national legislation is dealing with this new technology, focusing on the new law on BVLOS operations. As the national regulation will be replaced in June 2020 by common European rules that have been adopted 2019, this paper also aims to highlight the most important provisions of the EU regulation.


  1. 1.

    B.I. Scott (red.), The Law of Unmanned Aircraft Systems. An Introduction to the Current and Future Regulation under National, Regional and International, Kluwer Law International, The Netherlands, 2016

  2. 2.

    P.Kasprzyk and A.Konert, Unmanned aircraft. A new era for aviation. A new era for aviation law?, Coventry Law Review no 12 / 2018.

  3. 3.

    See more in ICAO RPAS CONOPS (March 2017) and EUROCONTROL RPAS ATM CONOPS (Ed. 4.0, 2017)

  4. 4.

    Anderson, Ernest E., et al. “A Legal Analysis of 14 C.F.R. Part 91 See and Avoid Rules to Identify Provisions Focused on Pilot Responsibilities to See and Avoid in the National Airspace System.” Journal of Air Law and Commerce, vol. 80, no. 1, Winter 2015, p. 53–238. HeinOnline

  5. 5.

    Journal of Laws from 2002 No 130, Item 1112 with further amendments. See also M. Żylicz (ed.), Prawo lotnicze. Komentarz (Air Law Commentary). Warsaw 2016

  6. 6.

    Unmanned aircraft systems. Cir 328. AN/190.

  7. 7.

    Journal of Laws from 2013, Item 440.

  8. 8.

    Journal of Laws from 2016, Item 1317.

  9. 9.

    For VLOS operations see more A.Konert & M.Kotliński, Polish regulations on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, Transportation Research Procedia, Volume 35, 2018, Pages 140–147 (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352146518303624)

  10. 10.

    Journal of Laws from 2019, Item 94.

  11. 11.

    English translation of the Attachment 6b was published on the CAA website [access on 06/05/19] http://ulc.gov.pl/pl/publikacje/wiadomosci/4551-tlumaczenie-zalacznika-6b-do-rozporzadzenia-z-art-33-ust-2-i-4-ustawy-prawo-lotnicze

  12. 12.

    via https://www.notams.faa.gov

  13. 13.

    LOI n° 2016–1428 du 24 octobre 2016 relative au renforcement de la sécurité de l’usage des drones civils (JORF n°0249 du 25 octobre 2016) (Law n° 2016–1428 of October 24th, 2016 on the reinforcement of the safety of the use of civil drones)

  14. 14.

    Real Decreto 1036/2017, de 15 de diciembre, por el que se regula la utilización civil de las aeronaves pilotadas por control remoto, y se modifican el Real Decreto 552/2014, de 27 de junio, por el que se desarrolla el Reglamento del aire y disposiciones operativas comunes para los servicios y procedimientos de navegación aérea y el Real Decreto 57/2002, de 18 de enero, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de Circulación Aérea. (BOE Núm. 316 Viernes 29 de diciembre de 2017) (Royal Decree 1036/2017, of December 15, which regulates the civil use of drones and amending Decree 552/2014)

  15. 15.

    CAP 722: Unmanned Aircraft System Operations in the UK Airspace – Guidance https://publicapps.caa.co.uk/docs/33/CAP%20722%20Sixth%20Edition%20March%202015.pdf (Access: 8.02.2019)

  16. 16.

    EASA Drone Collision Task Force Report (2016), see also https://udayton.edu/blogs/udri/18-09-13-risk-in-the-sky.php

  17. 17.

    COM/2014/0207 final

  18. 18.

    Regulation (EU) 2018/1139 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2018 on common rules in the field of civil aviation and establishing a European Union Aviation Safety Agency (OJ L 212, 22.8.2018, p. 1–122)

  19. 19.

    EASA Opinion 1–2018 followed by the A-NPA 2015–10 and NPA 2017–05

  20. 20.

    Official Journal of the EU of 11.06.2019, L152/1

  21. 21.

    Official Journal of the EU of 11.06.2019, L152/45

  22. 22.

    Executive Director Decision 2019/021/R

  23. 23.

    http://jarus-rpas.org/content/jar-doc-06-sora-package [acces on 06/05/19]

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Anna Konert.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Research financed by National Science Center, Poland. Project No 2017/27 /B/HS5/0008 “Unmanned Aircraft. A new era in aviation law”.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Konert, A., Kasprzyk, P. Drones Are Flying outside of Segregated Airspace in Poland. J Intell Robot Syst 100, 483–491 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10846-019-01145-4

Download citation


  • drones
  • UAV
  • UAS
  • Polish regulations
  • EU regulations
  • air law