Journal of International Entrepreneurship

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 118–137 | Cite as

Partnerships as internationalization strategy: Russian entrepreneurs between local restrictions and global opportunities

  • Thomas W. ThurnerEmail author
  • Mikhail Gershman
  • Vitaly Roud


This paper studies the small and often overlooked group of internationally created research-driven ventures and discusses their impact on Russia. Building on previously established networks which allow new knowledge-intense assets to be formed, these companies introduce novel products and processes to the Russian market and develop them further. While such ventures get access to knowledge generated outside Russia, they also benefit greatly from their partners’ ecosystems which allow them to avoid the obstacles in their home markets. Thereby, they increase their learning opportunities beyond the rather restricting Russian environment and learn much about international entrepreneurship.


Internationalization Partnership Born-globals Russia Russian Federation Innovation Networks 


Dieser Artikel behandelt die kleine Gruppe internationaler forschungsorientierter Start-ups in Russland und diskutiert deren Bedeutung für die russische Wirtschaft. Diese Gründungen entstehen aus etablierten akademisch-geprägten Netzwerken und konzentrieren sich auf die Vermarktung eigener Forschungsergebnisse. Dabei bringen diese Start-ups nicht nur neue Technologien nach Russland, sie entwickeln diese auch weiter. Wir zeigen statistisch dass Unternehmen, die diese internationale Kooperation als Strategie verfolgen, finanziell höchst erfolgreich sind. Anhand einer Gruppe von deutsch-russischen Kooperationen zeigen wir weiters, wie wichtig die Zusammenarbeit für die russischen Partner ist um die lokalen Schwierigkeiten erfolgreich zu vermeiden und um sich das notwendige unternehmerische Know-how anzueignen.


Compliance with ethical standards

The financial support from the Government of the Russian Federation within the framework of the Basic Research Program at the National Research University Higher School of Economics and within the framework of implementation of the 5–100 Programme Roadmap of the National Research University Higher School of Economics is acknowledged.

The authors did not have any conflict of interest. We have received informed consent from all interviewees. Also, no humans or animals were hurt when conducting the research.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas W. Thurner
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mikhail Gershman
    • 1
  • Vitaly Roud
    • 1
  1. 1.International Laboratory for Economics of Innovation, Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of KnowledgeNational Research University Higher School of EconomicsMoscowRussia

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