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Journal of Insect Conservation

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 325–337 | Cite as

Wild bee pollination networks in northern New England

  • Erika M. Tucker
  • Sandra M. Rehan
ORIGINAL PAPER

Abstract

Conserving and maintaining a diverse assemblage of wild bees is essential for a healthy and functioning ecosystem, as species are uniquely evolved to deliver specific plant–pollination requirements. Understanding the biology and ecology of bees in poorly studied regions is the first step towards conservation. Detailed surveys in New Hampshire reveal a broad diversity of 118 species of wild bees in different guilds and habitats including 17 bee species representing new state records. Network analyses reveal a complex community structure and relatively poorly connected plant–pollinator associations, thus species may be susceptible to disturbance. Phenological analyses document that at least one representative of five native bee families was present throughout the foraging season and both abundance and diversity were highest in June and July. This study provides important baseline information on bee abundance, diversity, phenology, and host plant associations necessary for future conservation efforts.

Keywords

Plant–pollinator interactions Apoidea Bee phenology Ecological associations Hymenoptera Biodiversity Bipartite network 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Dusty Durant, Elizabeth Haas, Robert Hafford and Wyatt Shell for their help with field collections and specimen processing. We also thank Sam Droege and Joan Milam for providing reference material provided support for this research. This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Hatch project 1004515, the New Hampshire Agricultural Experiment Station and the Tuttle Foundation.

Supplementary material

10841_2016_9870_MOESM1_ESM.docx (25.2 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 25763 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of New HampshireDurhamUSA

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