Journal of Insect Conservation

, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 791–800 | Cite as

Climate-based model of spatial pattern of the species richness of ants in Georgia

  • Giorgi Chaladze


For optimal planning of conservation and monitoring measures, it is important to know the spatial pattern of species richness and especially areas with high species richness. A spatial pattern of the species richness of ants in Georgia (Caucasus) was modeled, areas with the highest number of ant’s species were inferred, and climatic factors that influence the pattern of ant diversity were identified. A database was created by accumulating occurrences for 63 ant species, including 256 localities and 2,018 species/occurrences. Species richness was positively correlated with variables associated with temperature and negatively correlated with variables associated with precipitation. Species richness reaches a maximum at the elevations 800–1,200 m a.s.l. and declines at both lower and higher altitudes. The role of climatic variables and geography of the study area in determining the observed pattern of species richness is discussed.


Biodiversity Climatic variables Formicidae Spatial pattern Altitudinal gradient Ground moisture 



I thank Lexo Gavashelishvili and David Tarkhnishvili for providing valuable suggestions during the statistical analysis and for their comments on manuscript. I also express my gratitude to two anonymous reviewers whose comments significantly improved manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of EcologyIlia State UniversityTbilisiGeorgia

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