Since the end of the 19th century the Barberry Carpet moth (Pareulype berberata) has declined from being widespread and fairly well distributed in England to highly localised and endangered, due mainly to large-scale removal of the sole larval foodplant Berberis vulgaris. In the 1980s the moth appeared to be restricted to a single site. Since 1987 the moth has been surveyed and studied, its habitat requirements identified and three additional, self-maintaining populations established, each in a different part of its former range, using large-scale captive breeding and release techniques. The decline has been reversed and major plantings of additional B. vulgaris are now underway to offer a more secure future for this moth.
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Waring, P. Successes in conserving the Barberry Carpet moth Pareulype berberata (D. & S.) (Geometridae) in England. J Insect Conserv 8, 167–171 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-004-1341-4