Efficacy of advanced pace-mapping technology for idiopathic premature ventricular complexes ablation
Catheter ablation is an effective treatment for premature ventricular complexes (PVCs). Activation mapping is accurate but requires PVCs at the time of the ablation. Pace-mapping correlation (PMC) is a supplemental tool recently developed as an integrated module for an electro-anatomical mapping platform. Our study sought to investigate whether pace-mapping technology provides similar ablation results in patients with low versus high idiopathic PVC burden at the time of ablation and the relationship between sites with the highest PMC and the earliest local activation time (LAT).
A total of 59 consecutive patients undergoing catheter ablation for idiopathic PVCs were enrolled. Twelve out of 59 patients (20%) were classified in the low PVC burden group (defined as < 2 PVCs/min) and 47/59 (80%) in the high PVC burden group.
The most common origin of PVCs was the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) followed by aortic cusps, coronary sinus, parahisian region, and aorto-mitral continuity. Procedural and 1-month success rate were 95 and 87% respectively. PVC burden at the time of ablation did not influence the success rate. The median distance between the earliest LAT points and the highest PMC points was 6.4 (4.9–10.6) mm.
Pace-mapping correlation is useful and accurate in localizing the origin of idiopathic PVCs irrespective of the initial PVC burden. It provides optimal ablation results when combined with LAT. Success rate at mid-term follow-up is higher when the origin of PVCs is located in the RVOT as compared to other locations.
KeywordsPremature ventricular complexes Catheter ablation Pace mapping Local activation time
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
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