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Re-Examining the Effect of Maternal Employment on Child Overweight: The Case of School-Age Children

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A Correction to this article was published on 06 May 2020

A Correction to this article was published on 08 January 2020

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Abstract

This paper investigated the effect of maternal employment on childhood overweight in the United States using a sample of school-age children. We used data from the spring 2013 cohort of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–2011 (ECLS-K: 2011). We estimated a recursive bivariate probit model using exogenous variation in the youngest sibling’s eligibility for kindergarten as an instrument for maternal employment. As a robustness check, instrumental variable regression using 2SLS estimation technique and IV probit regression were also used. The findings suggest that the effect of maternal employment on child overweight is not significant. The results showed that rather than maternal employment, socioeconomic status, schooling environment, life style behaviors including physical exercise and sedentary behavior were significant factors contributing to child overweight. More specifically, higher socioeconomic status and doing physical exercise more frequently were negatively related to child overweight, while sedentary behavior and free/reduced price school meals were positively related to child overweight.

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Change history

  • 08 January 2020

    The original publication of the article does not indicate the additional affiliation of the co-author Wei-Chiao Huang. The additional affiliation should read as follows “Specially Appointed Professor, City College, Wuhan University of Science and Technology”.

  • 06 May 2020

    The original publication of the article does not indicate the additional affiliation of the co-author Wei-Chiao Huang. The additional affiliation should read as follows “Specially Appointed Professor, City College, Wuhan University of Science and Technology”. Secondly, the error in the corresponding author information has subsequently been identified in the original publication. It should read as follows “Bezawit T. Agiro, bezawit.agiro@nebraska.gov.”

Notes

  1. Tertile refers to dividing the sample into three parts.

  2. Informal care includes both relative and non-relative care.

  3. High birth weight is a dummy variable taking a value of 1 if the child had a birth weight of more than 8.8 lbs by the standard cutoff and 0 otherwise.

  4. The category ‘single’ also includes those who are divorced, separated, widowed, and never married. The category ‘married’ includes those who are married or in civil union/domestic partnership.

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Correspondence to Wei-Chiao Huang.

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Appendix

Appendix

See Tables 8, 9, 10.

Table 8 Detailed description of variables
Table 9 Regression estimates for the association between maternal employment and child activities
Table 10 Regression estimates for the association between maternal employment and child activities

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Agiro, B.T., Huang, WC. Re-Examining the Effect of Maternal Employment on Child Overweight: The Case of School-Age Children. J Fam Econ Iss 41, 140–157 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10834-019-09658-8

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10834-019-09658-8

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