Journal of Family and Economic Issues

, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 371–385 | Cite as

Spousal, Family and Gender Effects on Expected Retirement Age for Married Pre-retirees

  • Elizabeth Ann WhitakerEmail author
  • Janet L. Bokemeier
Original Paper


The overall purpose of this study was to examine the degree to which retirement is a contextually embedded, family decision rather than an individualized, male-centric one. Using data from a 2010 survey of married pre-retirees ages 35–70 in Michigan, US, we created a General Linear Model to predict expected retirement age. The model incorporated the effect of spousal and family variables on expected retirement age, and because the work/family interface is highly gendered, we explored interactions with gender. The study used a life course perspective in its framing and analysis, and found that expected retirement age was related to both personal and family characteristics and that the relationship of spousal and family factors were gendered and complex.


Retirement decision making Family financial decision making Gender and retirement 



Funding was provided by Michigan Applied Public Policy Initiative.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest relating to this research study.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Social WorkCentral Michigan UniversityMount PleasantUSA
  2. 2.Department of SociologyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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