Journal of Family and Economic Issues

, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp 323–336 | Cite as

Subjective Economic Status in Adolescence: Determinants and Associations with Mental Health in the Norwegian Youth@Hordaland Study

  • Tormod BøeEmail author
  • Eric Dearing
  • Kjell Morten Stormark
  • Henrik Daae Zachrisson
Original Paper


We aimed to identify factors associated with perceived economic well-being (PEWB), and examine its association with symptoms of depression and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. In the Norwegian youth@hordaland study, 9166 16–19-year-olds provided information on perceived economic well-being and relevant covariates. Information about families’ income-to-needs was obtained from tax return forms. Adolescents in households with a low income-to-needs ratio, with non-working parents, and in single-parent households were more likely to report poor PEWB. Adolescents with poor PEWB reported more symptoms of depression and ADHD, also after adjusting for covariates, including income-to-needs. There was a significant indirect effect of income-to-needs on mental health problems though PEWB. The current study demonstrates the role of PEWB as a contributor in the pathway from social inequalities to disparities in mental health.


ADHD Adolescents Depression Income Social inequality Income 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Regional Centre for Child and Youth Mental Health and Child WelfareUni Research HealthBergenNorway
  2. 2.Department of Counseling, Developmental, and Educational Psychology, Lynch School of EducationBoston CollegeNewtonUSA
  3. 3.Norwegian Center for Child Behavioral DevelopmentUniversity of OsloOsloNorway
  4. 4.Department of Health Promotion and DevelopmentUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  5. 5.Center for Educational Measurement, Faculty of Educational SciencesUniversity of OsloOsloNorway

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