Marriage and State-level Economic Outcomes
- 264 Downloads
Past research has examined various state-level measures that predict state economic growth and other economic and social indicators. This research has largely ignored the potential role of family structure in contributing to state-level outcomes, despite the extensive literature on links between family structure and economic outcomes at the individual level. We estimated a state-level panel model and found that both the proportion of adults and the proportion of parents who are married are strongly related to important state-level economic outcomes, including economic growth, median household income, median personal income, and poverty.
KeywordsMarriage Economic growth Poverty
JEL ClassificationJ12 J13 I24
This paper was funded by a grant from the Home Economics Project of the American Enterprise Institute and the Institute for Family Studies.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
- Barro, R. J., & McCleary, R. (2003). Religion and economic growth. American Sociological Review, 68(5), 760–781. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/1519761?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents.
- Baumol, W. J., Litan, R. E., & Schramm C. J. (2007). Good capitalism, bad capitalism, and the economics of growth and prosperity. Law and Economics Workshop. UC Berkeley: Berkeley Program in Law and Economics. Retrieved from http://escholarship.org/uc/item/3zt2b504.
- Budig, M., & England, P. (2001). The wage penalty for motherhood. American Sociological Review, 66(2), 204–225. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2657415.
- Chetty, R., & Hendren. N. (2015). The impacts of neighborhoods on intergenerational mobility: Childhood exposure effects and county-level estimates. Harvard University and National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved from http://cms.leoncountyfl.gov/coadmin/agenda/attach/150609/A0905.pdf.
- Cole, I., & Chawdhry, A. (2002). Rent-seeking and economic growth: Evidence from a panel of U.S. states. Cato Journal, 22(2), 211–228. Retrieved from http://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/catoj22&div=19&g_sent=1&collection=journals#.
- Cutler, D. M., & Katz, L. F. (1992). Rising inequality? Changes in the distribution of income and consumption in the 1980s. American Economic Review, 82, 546–551.Google Scholar
- Duncan, G., Yeung W. J., Brooks-Gunn, J., & Smith, J. R. (1998). How much does childhood poverty affect the life chances of children? American Sociological Review, 63(3), 406–423. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2657556.
- Ferrara, P. (2014) Why economic growth is exponentially more important than income inequality. Forbes, Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/peterferrara/2014/01/14/why-economic-growth-is-exponentially-more-important-than-income-inequality/#17dd75784f1b.
- Gorman, E. (1999). Bringing home the bacon: Marital allocation of income-earning responsibility, job shifts, and men’s wages. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 61(1), 110–122. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/353887?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents.
- Grossbard, S. (2015) The marriage motive: A price theory of marriage. New York: Springer. Retrieved from https://searchworks.stanford.edu/view/10805024.
- Hanushek, E. A., Ruhose, J., & Woessmann, L. (2015). Human capital quality and aggregate income differences: Developmental accounting for U.S. states. (No. w21295). National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved from http://www.nber.org/papers/w21295.pdf.
- Harding, D. J. (2003). Counterfactual models of neighborhood effects: The effect of neighborhood poverty on dropping out and teenage pregnancy. American Journal of Sociology, 109(3), 676–719. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/379217.
- Korenman, S., & Neumark, D. (1991). Does marriage really make men more productive? Journal of Human Resources. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/145924?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents.
- Lerman, R. I. (1996). The impact of the changing US family structure on child poverty and income inequality. Economica, 63(250), 119–139. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2554812?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents.
- Lerman, R. I. (2011). Economic perspectives on marriage: Causes, consequences, and public policy. In Cohen, L. R. & Wright, J. D. (Eds.), Research Handbook on the Economics of Family Law (pp. 72–95). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Retrieved from https://www.e-elgar.com/shop/research-handbook-on-the-economics-of-family-law?___website=uk_warehouse.
- Lerman, R. I. & Wilcox, W. B. (2014). For richer, for poorer. American Enterprise Institute Report. Retrieved from https://www.aei.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/IFS-ForRicherForPoorer-Final_Web.pdf.
- McLanahan, S., & Sandefur, G. (1994). Growing up with a single parent. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Ribar, D. C. (2015). Why marriage matters for child wellbeing. Future of Children, 25(2), 11–27. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/43581970?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents.
- Thomas, A., & Sawhill, I. (2005). For love and money? The impact of family structure on family income. Future of Children, 15(2), 57–74. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16158730.
- Wilcox, W. B., Anderson, J. R., Doherty, W., Eggebeen, D., Ellison, C. G., Galston, W.,⋯, Wallerstein, J. (2011). Why Marriage Matters, Third Edition: Thirty Conclusions from the Social Sciences. New York, NY: Institute for American Values.Google Scholar