Journal of Family and Economic Issues

, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 251–262 | Cite as

Work-to-Family Conflict and the Maternal Gatekeeping of Dual-Earner Mothers with Young Children

  • Daphne E. PedersenEmail author
  • Gabe Kilzer
Original Paper


Survey data from 78 dual-earner mothers of preschool children were used to examine the association between perceptions of both spouses’ work-to-family conflict and maternal gatekeeping. Two regression models were estimated: One in which mother’s work-to-family conflict was included as a predictor, and one in which mother’s perception of father’s (spouse’s) work-to-family conflict was added. Competing hypotheses using role theory and identity theory were proposed. Results provided support for identity theory through a positive association between mothers’ work-to-family conflict and maternal gatekeeping. In regard to perception of spouse’s work-to-family conflict, both role and identity theories can be interpreted to suggest a positive association with maternal gatekeeping, and we found this was empirically the case.


Dual earners Identity theory Maternal gatekeeping Role theory Work-to-family conflict 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of North DakotaGrand ForksUSA
  2. 2.Northland Community and Technical CollegeEast Grand ForksUSA

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