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Journal of Family and Economic Issues

, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 141–156 | Cite as

Academic Performance and Childhood Misnourishment: A Quantile Approach

  • Kristen CapogrossiEmail author
  • Wen You
Original Paper

Abstract

This study assesses the impact of childhood BMI (underweight and overweight) on academic performance using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class. The modeling framework is innovative in that it focuses primarily on (i) controlling for potential endogeneity of BMI on academic performance (as both may be driven by other household characteristics), and (ii) examining marginal effects for the tails of the performance distribution (i.e., those lower performing students). We use Instrumental Variable Quantile Regression to address these two issues. We found that a child BMI had differential impacts across the performance distribution: it affected lower performing students more and may contribute to the achievement gap.

Keywords

Academic achievement Child weight Performance distribution 

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agricultural and Applied EconomicsVirginia TechBlacksburgUSA

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