Gender, Nonstandard Work Schedules, and Marital Quality
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Relatively few studies have focused on the effects of working late and rotating shifts on marital dynamics. This study addressed the limitations of prior studies by sampling from a sector of the economy (i.e., grocery and drug store workers) where shift work and rotating schedules were common, and by controlling for numerous accompanying disruptive effects of shift work on marital quality. Results show that working late shifts reduces marital quality among men, whereas among women, job-family spillover explained away marital quality effects of working rotating schedules. These results suggest that more than men, women remain largely responsible for family life irrespective of work schedules, yet further research on how family lives are affected by work schedules is needed.
KeywordsGender Marital quality Nonstandard work schedules Shift work
This research was supported by grants to the first author from the National Science Foundation (SES-0615706) and the Charles Phelps Taft Research Center at the University of Cincinnati. We thank Rashawn Ray for his comments on an earlier version of this paper.
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