Journal of Family and Economic Issues

, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 421–435 | Cite as

Younger Age at First Childbirth Predicts Mothers’ Lower Economic and Psychological Well-Being Later in Life

  • Bettina J. Casad
  • Amy Marcus-Newhall
  • Brandon Nakawaki
  • Alian S. Kasabian
  • Judith LeMaster
Original Paper


Age at first childbirth affects mothers’ economic and psychological well-being later in life. Using a gender and power framework, two studies examined the associations among age at first childbirth, employment status, perceived choice, and race/ethnicity as predictors of economic and psychological well-being in a sample of middle class, married mothers (Study 1) and a nationally representative sample of married mothers (Study 2). Results indicated younger age at first childbirth is associated with less choice; lower educational attainment; lower SES; greater household labor; greater perceived chore discrepancy; lower self-esteem; less life, work, and relationship satisfaction; but is unrelated to depression or work stress. There were differences by employment status and minimal differences by race/ethnicity. The findings suggest that negative economic and psychological outcomes later in life are related to having one’s first child at a younger age.


Motherhood Age at first childbirth Well-being 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bettina J. Casad
    • 1
  • Amy Marcus-Newhall
    • 2
  • Brandon Nakawaki
    • 3
  • Alian S. Kasabian
    • 4
  • Judith LeMaster
    • 2
  1. 1.Psychology and Sociology DepartmentCalifornia State Polytechnic UniversityPomonaUSA
  2. 2.Psychology DepartmentScripps CollegeClaremontUSA
  3. 3.Psychology DepartmentClaremont Graduate UniversityClaremontUSA
  4. 4.Sociology DepartmentUniversity of NebraskaLincolnUSA

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