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Journal of Family and Economic Issues

, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp 41–52 | Cite as

The One-Child Policy and Gender Equality in Education in China: Evidence from Household Data

  • Ming-Hsuan LeeEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

This paper uses individual-level data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey and examines the impact of the one-child policy on gender equality in education in China. The results showed children in one-child households enjoyed significantly improved opportunities for education compared to children inside multiple-child households. The improvement for girls was larger than that of boys. In addition, we found no difference in years of schooling between only-child boys and only-child girls, whereas the gap between boys and girls inside multiple-child households remained significant. In particular, years of schooling for girls having male sibling(s) were 0.62 years lower than that of girls having female sibling(s). These findings suggest the one-child policy inadvertently contributed to greater educational gender equality in China.

Keywords

Gender equality in education One child policy Son preference 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political EconomyNational Sun Yat-sen UniversityKaohsiung CityTaiwan

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