Coke-tolerant La2Sn2O7-Ni-Gd0.1Ce0.9O1.95 composite anode for direct methane-fueled solid oxide fuel cells
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Direct CH4-fueled solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have been studied for a few decades, but carbon depositions on the Ni-based anodes are still remained as a major problem. In order to enhance coke tolerances and durability of SOFCs, La2Sn2O7 nano-powders are prepared by co-precipitation. The SOFCs with the different amounts of the La2Sn2O7 nano-powders in the Ni-GDC anodes are tested under dry CH4, and the 0.3 wt.% La2Sn2O7-Ni-GDC (0.3LNG) anodes show the highest cell performances of all anodes. The maximum power density of the cell is approximately 0.55 W cm−2 at 650 °C. The durability of the 0.3LNG cell is significantly enhanced without any carbon formations, showing approximately 0.69 V over 600 h at 0.3 A cm−2, whereas the conventional Ni-GDC cell is stopped only after 90 h. It suggests that the 0.3LNG is a promising anode material to enhance coke-tolerances and durability of direct-methane fuel cells.
KeywordsLa2Sn2O7 Solid oxide fuel cells Methane Low-temperatures
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2017R1A6A3A03004416) and (NRF-2015M1A2A2056833) and by the Human Resources Program in Energy Technology of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP), granted financial resource from the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy, Republic of Korea (No. 20174010201640).
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