Objects as locations in English and Mainland Scandinavian

  • Björn LundquistEmail author
  • Gillian Ramchand
Original Paper


This article discusses the spatial particles/prepositions up, down, in and out in four languages: English, Norwegian, Swedish and Danish. These spatial items can select directly for a DP complement in English and Norwegian, thus looking like regular prepositions; they require a complement preceded by a light preposition in Danish and Swedish, thus looking more like particles. We will argue that in none of the four languages under discussion can the relevant spatial items directly select a DP ground element, but require either an overt or a null P head that converts a DP object to a path location.


Particles Prepositions Paths Locations Scandinavian languages Resultatives English 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UiT The Arctic University of Norway/CASTLTromsøNorway

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