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Does Parental Support Moderate the Association Between Bullying Victimization and Anti-bullying Attitudes Among Chinese Adolescents

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Abstract

This study investigated the effects of three types of bullying victimization (relational, verbal, and physical) on attitudes toward anti-bullying, moderated by the role of parental support. The data used in this study were obtained from the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2018, a survey conducted by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) that included responses from 11,990 Chinese adolescents aged 15 years. Multivariate regression modeling and the Johnson–Neyman technique were used to examine the moderating effect of parental support on the relationship between the three types of bullying victimization and attitudes toward bullying. The results indicated that the three types of bullying victimization were significantly and positively correlated with students’ anti-bullying attitudes. Furthermore, parental support moderated the relationship between the three types of bullying victimization and anti-bullying attitudes. Specifically, when the value of parental support was less than 84.215, 81.728, and 69.878, relational, verbal, and physical bullying victimization, respectively, had a significant positive effect on adolescents’ anti-bullying attitudes through the moderating effect of parental support. These findings suggest that parents should provide care and support to children who are victims of bullying.

Highlights

  • Three types of bullying victimization (relational, verbal, and physical) were positively correlated with students’ anti-bullying attitudes.

  • Parental support moderated the relationship between the three types of bullying victimization and anti-bullying attitudes.

  • This moderating effect was present only for Chinese adolescents’ anti-bullying attitudes when parental social support was low.

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Funding

This paper was funded by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant no. 2023M730926), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant no. 2020kfyXJJS118, HUST), the major program of the National Foundation of Social Science of China (Grant no. 21&ZD183), and National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 72304146).

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Contributions

M.X. and P.H. drafted and conducted the manuscript. M.X. contributed to introduction, method, data analysis, results, discussion and finalized the manuscript. P.H. contributed to introduction, data analysis, discussion and finalized the manuscript. J.W. contributed to discussion and finalized the manuscript. All authors revised the manuscript, and approved the final manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Penghui Hu.

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Xia, M., Hu, P. & Wu, J. Does Parental Support Moderate the Association Between Bullying Victimization and Anti-bullying Attitudes Among Chinese Adolescents. J Child Fam Stud (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-023-02756-0

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-023-02756-0

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