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Cyberbullying, Mental Health, and Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youth with Disabilities: Intersectionalities and Environmental Risks

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Lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth with disabilities are at risk for being cyberbullied. Additionally, these risks can be compounded by other intersectional factors, such as cultural identity. Youth with multiple marginalized identities are at risk for stress, discrimination, and poor mental health outcomes as a result of bullying. However, research exploring the intersections between risk, sexual identity, and disability is sparse. In this article, we begin to address this gap in a diverse sample of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth who have reported being cyberbullied in the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. We discuss implications for child and family studies, identifying opportunities for further discussion on risk, mental health, and person-in-environment factors for lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth with disabilities.


  • Child and family practitioners should be holistically inclusive and attend to intersectionality, affirming disability, sexual identity, and other identities.

  • Cyberbullied sexual minority youth, especially those youth of color who had disabilities, were more likely than not to report poor mental health.

  • Practitioners should understand the intersectional dimensions of people’s lives, treating them as whole people.

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Correspondence to Trevor G. Gates.

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Gates, T.G., Bills, K.L., Bennett, B. et al. Cyberbullying, Mental Health, and Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youth with Disabilities: Intersectionalities and Environmental Risks. J Child Fam Stud 32, 3159–3166 (2023).

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