Adolescents’ career development is associated with various contextual factors, among which career-related parenting practice is particularly important. Parents tend to engage in a multitude of career-related parenting practice, and parents and adolescents often have different perceptions of the same parenting practice. However, prior research on career-related parenting practice has predominately relied on variable-centered approaches and used reports exclusively from either adolescents or parents. What still remains inadequately understood is the heterogeneity in the within-family configuration of various career-related parenting processes and the implications of (dis)concordance between parents’ and adolescents’ perceptions for adolescents’ career development. To address these gaps, using data from 706 Chinese adolescents (Mage = 12.08, SD = 1.52; 45.4% females) and their parents, this study utilized latent profile analyses and incorporated both parents’ and adolescents’ reports to investigate the configuration of adolescents’ perceived career-related parenting practice (i.e., support, interference, and barriers to engagement), parent–adolescent career congruence, and parents’ reported career-related support (i.e., emotional support, modeling, and instrument assistance). Four distinct profiles were identified: “Congruent-highly supportive,” “Somewhat incongruence-disengaged,” “Congruent-averagely supportive,” and “Highly incongruent-ambivalent.” Between-profile differences in adolescents’ career developmental outcomes (i.e., career ambivalence and career decision-making self-efficacy) 6 months later were also examined. Adolescents in the “Congruent-highly supportive” and the “Congruent-averagely supportive” groups reported higher levels of career decision-making self-efficacy than did those in the “Highly incongruent-ambivalent” group. In contrast, career ambivalence did not vary across profiles. These results highlighted the importance of using the person-centered configural approach and simultaneously considering both parents’ and adolescents’ reports of career-related parenting practice. Theoretical and practical implications were also discussed.
Four distinct profiles of career-related parenting practice were identified.
Parent- and adolescent-reported parenting practice were different across profiles.
Career decision-making self-efficacy varied across the identified profiles.
Career ambivalence did not vary across the identified profiles.
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This work was supported a grant by Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China Grant (16JJD880006) to Y.N., a grant from China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2018M643038) to Y.L., grants from the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2018NTSS06 and 2019NTSS04) to N.Z. and H.C., and a grant from National Natural Science Foundation of China (31800938) to K.D. This research has not been previously published or presented anywhere else.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare no competing interests.
This study was performed in line with the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki. Approval was granted by the Ethics Committee of Guangzhou University (Protocol No. GZHU2019007).
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Liang, Y., Zhou, N., Cao, H. et al. Configuration of Parent-Reported and Adolescent-Perceived Career-Related Parenting Practice and Adolescents’ Career Development: A Person-Centered, Longitudinal Analysis of Chinese Parent–Adolescent Dyads. J Child Fam Stud (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-021-02135-7
- Adolescent career development
- Career-related parenting practice
- Chinese parent–adolescent dyads
- Parent–adolescent (dis)concordance
- Latent profile analysis