Parents’ knowledge of children’s activities, friends and whereabouts is widely recognized as a promotive factor for adolescents’ psychosocial adjustment. As previous research showed, this knowledge mainly depends on adolescents’ willingness to disclose information about their daily lives. Parents can actively encourage adolescents’ disclosure by initiating conversations. However, such parental solicitation for information may be perceived as intrusive, and ironically lead to more concealment. In the present study, we examined whether and under which conditions parental solicitation for information is related to adolescents’ information management, thereby examining whether adolescents’ perceptions of an autonomy-supportive (vs. controlling) parenting context moderated these associations.
351 Swiss adolescents (45.6% girls; mean age = 15.01 years) completed self-report questionnaires about their mother and their father separately.
Generally, parental solicitation for information was statistically significantly associated with greater disclosure. Further, perceived autonomy-supportive (vs. controlling) parenting altered some of the links between solicitation for information and adolescents’ information management strategies. Specifically, for both mothers and fathers, parental solicitation for information was respectively associated with more lies at low levels of autonomy support, and with fewer lies at high levels of autonomy support. We also found, for fathers only, that parental solicitation for information was associated with less secrecy at low levels of autonomy support.
These findings underscore that the general parenting context in which parents solicit for information has implications for adolescents’ information management.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Abar, C. C., Clark, G., & Koban, K. (2017). The long-term impact of family routines and parental knowledge on alcohol use and health behaviors: results from a 14 year follow-up. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 26(9), 2495–2504. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826017-0752-2.
Afifi, T. D., Caughlin, J., & Afifi, W. A. (2007). The dark side (and light side) of avoidance and secrets. In B. H. Spitzberg & W. R. Cupach (Eds), The dark side of interpersonal communication. 2nd Edn. (pp. 66–91). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Bakken, J. P., & Brown, B. B. (2010). Adolescent secretive behavior: African american and hmong adolescents’ strategies and justifications for managing parents’ knowledge about peers. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 20(2), 359–388. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7795.2010.00642.x.
Barber, B. K. (1996). Parental psychological control: revisiting a neglected construct. Child Development, 67(6), 3296–3319. https://doi.org/10.2307/1131780.
Baudat, S., Zimmermann, G., Antonietti, J.-P., & Van Petegem, S. (2017). The role of maternal communication style in adolescents’ motivation to change alcohol use: a vignette-based study. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 24(2), 152–162. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687637.2016.1192584.
Brehm, J. W. (1966). A theory of psychological reactance. New York, NY: Academic Press.
Brehm, J. W., & Brehm, S. S. (1981). Psychological reactance: a theory of freedom and control. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Bureau, J. S., & Mageau, G. A. (2014). Parental autonomy support and honesty: the mediating role of identification with the honesty value and perceived costs and benefits of honesty. Journal of Adolescence, 37(3), 225–236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2013.12.007.
Cohen, J., Cohen, P., West, S. G., & Aiken, L. S. (2003). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the social sciences. 3rd Edn. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Cottrell, L. A., Lilly, C. A., Metzger, A., Cottrell, S. A., Epperly, A. D., Rishel, C., & Stanton, B. F. (2017). Constructing tailored parental monitoring strategy profiles to predict adolescent disclosure and risk involvement. Preventive Medicine Reports, 7, 147–151. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2017.06.001.
Criss, M. M., Lee, T. K., Morris, A. S., Cui, L., Bosler, C. D., Shreffler, K. M., & Silk, J. S. (2015). Link between monitoring behavior and adolescent adjustment: an analysis of direct and indirect effects. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(3), 668–678. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-013-9877-0.
Crouter, A. C., Bumpus, M. F., Davis, K. D., & McHale, S. M. (2005). How do parents learn about adolescents' experiences? Implications for parental knowledge and adolescent risky behavior. Child Development, 76(4), 869–882. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2005.00883.x.
Cumsille, P., Darling, N., & Martínez, M. L. (2010). Shading the truth: the patterning of adolescents’ decisions to avoid issues, disclose, or lie to parents. Journal of Adolescence, 33(2), 285–296. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2009.10.008.
Darling, N., Cumsille, P., & Martinez, M. L. (2008). Individual differences in adolescents' beliefs about the legitimacy of parental authority and their own obligation to obey: a longitudinal investigation. Child Development, 79(4), 1103–1118. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2008.01178.x.
Dawson, J. F. (2014). Moderation in management research: what, why, when, and how. Journal of Business and Psychology, 29(1), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-013-9308-7.
Deci, E. L., Eghrari, H., Patrick, B. C., & Leone, D. R. (1994). Facilitating internalization: the self-determination theory perspective. Journal of Personality, 62(1), 119–142. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1994.tb00797.x.
Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The “what” and “why” of goal pursuits: human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), 227–268. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327965PLI1104_01.
Engels, R. C. M. E., Finkenauer, C., & van Kooten, D. (2006). Lying behavior, family functioning and adjustment in early adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35(6), 949–958. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-006-9082-1.
Field, A. (2013). Discovering statistics using spss. 4th Edn. London, England: Sage.
Finkenauer, C., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Kubacka, K. E. (2008). Relational implications of secrecy and concealment in parent-adolescent relationships. In M. Kerr, H. Stattin & R. C. M. E. Engels (Eds), What can parents do? New insights into the role of parents in adolescent problem behavior (pp. 43–64). West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons.
Finkenauer, C., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Meeus, W. (2002). Keeping secrets from parents: advantages and disadvantages of secrecy in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 31(2), 123–136. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014069926507.
Finkenauer, C., Frijns, T. O. M., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Kerkhof, P. (2005). Perceiving concealment in relationships between parents and adolescents: links with parental behavior. Personal Relationships, 12(3), 387–406. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-6811.2005.00122.x.
Finkenauer, C., Kubacka, K. E., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Kerkhof, P. (2009). Secrecy in close relationships: investigating its intrapersonal and interpersonal effects. In T. D. Afifi & W. A. Afifi (Eds), Uncertainty, information management, and disclosure decisions: theories and applications (pp. 300–319). New York, NY: Routledge.
Foldnes, N., & Hagtvet, K. A. (2014). The choice of product indicators in latent variable interaction models: post hoc analyses. Psychological Methods, 19(3), 444–457. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0035728.
Frijns, T., & Finkenauer, C. (2009). Longitudinal associations between keeping a secret and psychosocial adjustment in adolescence. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 33(2), 145–154. https://doi.org/10.1177/0165025408098020.
Frijns, T., Finkenauer, C., Vermulst, A., & Engels, R. C. M. E. (2005). Keeping secrets from parents: longitudinal associations of secrecy in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34(2), 137–148. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-005-3212-z.
Frijns, T., Keijsers, L., Branje, S., & Meeus, W. (2010). What parents don’t know and how it may affect their children: qualifying the disclosure–adjustment link. Journal of Adolescence, 33(2), 261–270. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2009.05.010.
Garthe, R. C., Sullivan, T. N., & Kliewer, W. (2018). Longitudinal associations between maternal solicitation, perceived maternal acceptance, adolescent self-disclosure, and adolescent externalizing behaviors. Youth & Society, 50(2), 274–295. https://doi.org/10.1177/0044118X16671238.
Goldstein, S. E. (2016). Adolescents’ disclosure and secrecy about peer behavior: links with cyber aggression, relational aggression, and overt aggression. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(5), 1430–1440. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-015-0340-2.
Graça, J., Calheiros, M. M., & Barata, M. C. (2013). Authority in the classroom: adolescent autonomy, autonomy support, and teachers’ legitimacy. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 28(3), 1065–1076. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10212-012-0154-1.
Grolnick, W. S., & Pomerantz, E. M. (2009). Issues and challenges in studying parental control: toward a new conceptualization. Child Development Perspectives, 3(3), 165–170. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-8606.2009.00099.x.
Guerrero, L. K., & Afifi, W. A. (1995). What parents don’t know: topic avoidance in parent-child relationships. In T. J. Socha & G. H. Stamp (Eds), Parents, children, and communication: frontiers of theory and research. (pp. 219–246). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Hamza, C., & Willoughby, T. (2011). Perceived parental monitoring, adolescent disclosure, and adolescent depressive symptoms: a longitudinal examination. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40(7), 902–915. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-010-9604-8.
Hawk, S. T., Hale, W. W., Raaijmakers, Q. A. W., & Meeus, W. (2008). Adolescents’ perceptions of privacy invasion in reaction to parental solicitation and control. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 28(4), 583–608. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272431608317611.
Hawk, S. T., Keijsers, L., Frijns, T., Hale, W. W., Branje, S., & Meeus, W. (2013). “I still haven't found what i'm looking for”: parental privacy invasion predicts reduced parental knowledge. Developmental Psychology, 49(7), 1286–1298. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0029484.
Henseler, J., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M. (2015). A new criterion for assessing discriminant validity in variance-based structural equation modeling. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 43(1), 115–135. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11747-014-0403-8.
Hu, L.-t, & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: a Multidisciplinary Journal, 6(1), 1–55. https://doi.org/10.1080/10705519909540118.
Jensen, L. A., Arnett, J. J., Feldman, S. S., & Cauffman, E. (2004). The right to do wrong: lying to parents among adolescents and emerging adults. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 33(2), 101–112. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JOYO.0000013422.48100.5a.
Jiménez-Iglesias, A., Moreno, C., Rivera, F., & García-Moya, I. (2013). The role of the family in promoting responsible substance use in adolescence. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 22(5), 585–602. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-013-9737-y.
Josse, J., & Husson, F. (2012). Handling missing values in exploratory multivariate data analysis methods. Journal de la Société Française de Statistique, 153, 79–99.
Josse, J., & Husson, F. (2016). Missmda: a package for handling missing values in multivariate data analysis. Journal of Statistical Software, 70, 1–31. https://doi.org/10.18637/jss.v070.i01.
Joussemet, M., Landry, R., & Koestner, R. (2008). A self-determination theory perspective on parenting. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie canadienne, 49(3), 194–200. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0012754.
Kapetanovic, S., Bohlin, M., Skoog, T., & Gerdner, A. (2017). Structural relations between sources of parental knowledge, feelings of being overly controlled and risk behaviors in early adolescence. Journal of Family Studies, 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1080/13229400.2017.1367713.
Keijsers, L., Branje, S., VanderValk, I., & Meeus, W. (2010). Reciprocal effects between parental solicitation, parental control, adolescent disclosure, and adolescent delinquency. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 20(1), 88–113. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7795.2009.00631.x.
Keijsers, L., Branje, S. J., Frijns, T., Finkenauer, C., & Meeus, W. (2010). Gender differences in keeping secrets from parents in adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 46(1), 293–298. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0018115.
Keijsers, L., Frijns, T., Branje, S. J., & Meeus, W. (2009). Developmental links of adolescent disclosure, parental solicitation, and control with delinquency: moderation by parental support. Developmental Psychology, 45(5), 1314–1327. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0016693.
Keijsers, L., & Laird, R. D. (2014). Mother-adolescent monitoring dynamics and the legitimacy of parental authority. Journal of Adolescence, 37(5), 515–524. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2014.04.001.
Keijsers, L., & Poulin, F. (2013). Developmental changes in parent-child communication throughout adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 49(12), 2301–2308. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0032217.
Kerr, M., & Stattin, H. (2000). What parents know, how they know it, and several forms of adolescent adjustment: Further support for a reinterpretation of monitoring. Developmental Psychology, 36(3), 366–380. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-16188.8.131.526.
Kerr, M., Stattin, H., & Burk, W. J. (2010). A reinterpretation of parental monitoring in longitudinal perspective. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 20(1), 39–64. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7795.2009.00623.x.
Kline, R. B. (2016). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. 4th Edn. New York, NY: Guildford Press.
LaFleur, L. K., Zhao, Y., Zeringue, M. M., & Laird, R. D. (2016). Warmth and legitimacy beliefs contextualize adolescents’ negative reactions to parental monitoring. Journal of Adolescence, 51, 58–67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2016.05.013.
Laird, R. D., Zeringue, M. M., & Lambert, E. S. (2018). Negative reactions to monitoring: do they undermine the ability of monitoring to protect adolescents? Journal of Adolescence, 63, 75–84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2017.12.007.
Lam, C. B., McHale, S. M., & Crouter, A. C. (2014). Time with peers from middle childhood to late adolescence: developmental course and adjustment correlates. Child Development, 85(4), 1677–1693. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12235.
Larson, R. W., Richards, M. H., Moneta, G., Holmbeck, G., & Duckett, E. (1996). Changes in adolescents' daily interactions with their families from ages 10 to 18: disengagement and transformation. Developmental Psychology, 32(4), 744–754. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-16184.108.40.2064.
Leys, C., Klein, O., Dominicy, Y., & Ley, C. (2018). Detecting multivariate outliers: use a robust variant of the mahalanobis distance. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 74, 150–156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2017.09.011.
Leys, C., Ley, C., Klein, O., Bernard, P., & Licata, L. (2013). Detecting outliers: do not use standard deviation around the mean, use absolute deviation around the median. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49(4), 764–766. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2013.03.013.
Little, T. D., Bovaird, J. A., & Widaman, K. F. (2006). On the merits of orthogonalizing powered and product terms: implications for modeling interactions among latent variables. Structural Equation Modeling: a Multidisciplinary Journal, 13(4), 497–519. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15328007sem1304_1.
Little, T. D., Cunningham, W. A., Shahar, G., & Widaman, K. F. (2002). To parcel or not to parcel: exploring the question, weighing the merits. Structural Equation Modeling, 9(2), 151–173. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15328007SEM0902_1.
Mageau, G. A., Ranger, F., Joussemet, M., Koestner, R., Moreau, E., & Forest, J. (2015). Validation of the perceived parental autonomy support scale (p-pass). Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, 47(3), 251–262. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0039325.
Mageau, G. A., Sherman, A., Grusec, J. E., Koestner, R., & Bureau, J. S. (2017). Different ways of knowing a child and their relations to mother‐reported autonomy support. Social Development, 26(3), 630–644. https://doi.org/10.1111/sode.12212.
Marsh, H. W., Hau, K.-T., Wen, Z., Nagengast, B., & Morin, A. J. S. (2013). Moderation. In T. D. Little (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of quantitative methods (pp. 361–386). Vol. 2. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Marshall, S. K., Tilton-Weaver, L. C., & Bosdet, L. (2005). Information management: considering adolescents’ regulation of parental knowledge. Journal of Adolescence, 28(5), 633–647. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2005.08.008.
Moreau, E., & Mageau, G. A. (2012). The importance of perceived autonomy support for the psychological health and work satisfaction of health professionals: not only supervisors count, colleagues too! Motivation and Emotion, 36(3), 268–286. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11031-011-9250-9.
Nucci, L. (1996). Morality and personal freedom. In E. S. Reed, E. Turiel & T. Brown (Eds.), Values and knowledge (pp. 41–60). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Nucci, L., Smetana, J., Araki, N., Nakaue, M., & Comer, J. (2014). Japanese adolescents’ disclosure and information management with parents. Child Development, 85(3), 901–907. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12174.
Petronio, S. (1991). Communication boundary management: a theoretical model of managing disclosure of private information between marital couples. Communication Theory, 1(4), 311–335. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2885.1991.tb00023.x.
Petronio, S. (2002). Boundaries of privacy: dialectics of disclosure. Albany, NY: State University of New York.
Petronio, S. (2010). Communication privacy management theory: what do we know about family privacy regulation? Journal of Family Theory & Review, 2(3), 175–196. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-2589.2010.00052.x.
R Core Team. (2017). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing.
Roth, G., Ron, T., & Benita, M. (2009). Mothers’ parenting practices and adolescents’ learning from their mistakes in class: the mediating role of adolescent's self-disclosure. Learning and Instruction, 19(6), 506–512. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2008.10.001.
Smetana, J. G. (2011). Adolescents, families, and social development: how teens construct their worlds. West Sussex, England: Wiley-Blackwell.
Smetana, J. G. (2018). The development of autonomy during adolescence: a social-cognitive theory view. In B. Soenens, M. Vansteenkiste & S. Van Petegem (Eds), Autonomy in adolescent development: towards conceptual clarity (pp. 53–73). London, England: Psychology Press.
Smetana, J. G., Jambon, M., & Ball, C. (2014). The social domain approach to children’s moral and social judgments. In M. Killen & J. G. Smetana (Eds), Handbook of moral development. 2nd ed. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Smetana, J. G., & Metzger, A. (2008). Don’t ask, don’t tell (your mom and dad): disclosure and nondisclosure in adolescent–parent relationships. In M. Kerr, H. Stattin & R. C. Engels (Eds), What can parents do? New insights into the role of parents in adolescents’ problem behavior (pp. 65–87). West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons.
Smetana, J. G., Metzger, A., Gettman, D. C., & Campione-Barr, N. (2006). Disclosure and secrecy in adolescent–parent relationships. Child Development, 77(1), 201–217. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00865.x.
Smetana, J. G., Villalobos, M., Tasopoulos-Chan, M., Gettman, D. C., & Campione-Barr, N. (2009). Early and middle adolescents’ disclosure to parents about activities in different domains. Journal of Adolescence, 32(3), 693–713. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2008.06.010.
Soenens, B., Luyckx, K., Vansteenkiste, M., Duriez, B., & Goossens, L. (2008). Clarifying the link between parental psychological control and adolescents’ depressive symptoms. Merrill-Palmer Quaterly, 54(4), 411–444. https://doi.org/10.1353/mpq.0.0005.
Soenens, B., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2010). A theoretical upgrade of the concept of parental psychological control: proposing new insights on the basis of self-determination theory. Developmental Review, 30(1), 74–99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dr.2009.11.001.
Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Lens, W., Luyckx, K., Goossens, L., Beyers, W., & Ryan, R. M. (2007). Conceptualizing parental autonomy support: adolescent perceptions of promotion of independence versus promotion of volitional functioning. Developmental Psychology, 43(3), 633–646. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-16220.127.116.113.
Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Luyckx, K., & Goossens, L. (2006). Parenting and adolescent problem behaviors: an integrated model with adolescent self-disclosure and perceived parental knowledge as intervening variables. Developmental Psychology, 42(2), 305–318. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1618.104.22.1685.
Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., & Sierens, E. (2009). How are parental psychological control and autonomy-support related? A cluster-analytic approach. Journal of Marriage and Family, 71(1), 187–202. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2008.00589.x.
Stattin, H., & Kerr, M. (2000). Parental monitoring: a reinterpretation. Child Development, 71(4), 1072–1085. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7795.2009.00623.x.
Stattin, H., Kerr, M., & Tilton Weaver, L. C. (2010). Parental monitoring: a critical examination of the research. In V. Guilamo-Ramos, J. Jaccard & P. Dittus (Eds), Parental monitoring of adolescents: current perspectives for researchers and practitioners (pp. 3–38). New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
Stavrinides, P., Georgiou, S., & Demetriou, A. (2010). Longitudinal associations between adolescent alcohol use and parents’ sources of knowledge. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 28(Pt 3), 643–655. https://doi.org/10.1348/026151009x466578.
Tilton-Weaver, L. C. (2014). Adolescents’ information management: comparing ideas about why adolescents disclose to or keep secrets from their parents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43(5), 803–813. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-013-0008-4.
Tilton-Weaver, L. C., Kerr, M., Pakalniskeine, V., Tokic, A., Salihovic, S., & Stattin, H. (2010). Open up or close down: how do parental reactions affect youth information management? Journal of Adolescence, 33(2), 333–346. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2009.07.011.
Tilton-Weaver, L. C., & Marshall, S. K. (2008). Adolescents’ agency in information management. In M. Kerr, H. Stattin & R. C. M. E. Engels (Eds), What can parents do? New insights into the role of parents in adolescent problem behavior (pp. 11–41). West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons.
Tilton-Weaver, L. C., Marshall, S. K., & Darling, N. (2013). What’s in a name? Distinguishing between routine disclosure and self-disclosure. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 24(4), 551–563. https://doi.org/10.1111/jora.12090.
Todorov, V., & Filzmoser, P. (2010). Robust statistic for the one-way manova. Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, 54(1), 37–48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csda.2009.08.015.
Turiel, E. (1983). The development of social knowledge: morality and convention. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University.
Urry, S. A., Nelson, L. J., & Padilla-Walker, L. M. (2011). Mother knows best: psychological control, child disclosure, and maternal knowledge in emerging adulthood. Journal of Family Studies, 17(2), 157–173. https://doi.org/10.5172/jfs.2011.17.2.157.
Van Petegem, S., Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., & Beyers, W. (2015). Rebels with a cause? Adolescent defiance from the perspective of reactance theory and self-determination theory. Child Development, 86(3), 903–918. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12355.
Van Petegem, S., Vansteenkiste, M., Soenens, B., Zimmermann, G., Antonietti, J.-P., Baudat, S., & Audenaert, E. (2017). When do adolescents accept or defy to maternal prohibitions? The role of social domain and communication style. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(5), 1022–1037. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-016-0562-7.
Van Petegem, S., Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J., Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Brenning, K., Mabbe, E., & Zimmermann, G. (2017). Does general parenting context modify adolescents’ appraisals and coping with a situation of parental regulation? The case of autonomy-supportive parenting. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 26(2), 2623–2639. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-017-0758-9.
Villalobos Solís, M., Smetana, J. G., & Comer, J. (2015). Associations among solicitation, relationship quality, and adolescents’ disclosure and secrecy with mothers and best friends. Journal of Adolescence, 43, 193–205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2015.05.016.
Willoughby, T., & Hamza, C. A. (2011). A longitudinal examination of the bidirectional associations among perceived parenting behaviors, adolescent disclosure and problem behavior across the high school years. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40(4), 463–478. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-010-9567-9.
Wuyts, D., Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., & Van Petegem, S. (2018). The role of observed autonomy support, reciprocity, and need satisfaction in adolescent disclosure about friends. Journal of Adolescence, 65, 141–154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.03.012.
Youniss, J., & Smollar, J. (1985). Adolescent relations with mothers, fathers, and friends. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
The authors would like to thank the adolescents and their parents who kindly accepted to participate in the study. We are also grateful to the principals and deans of the schools, and the Direction de l’Enseignement Obligatoire (DGEO) of the Canton de Vaud in Switzerland. We thank Nadia Barmaverain for assistance with data collection and input.
S.B. conceived of the study, analyzed and interpreted the data, and wrote the manuscript. S.V.P. offered insights into parenting, and helped with the interpretation of the data and the writing of the manuscript. J.P.A. supervised and assisted with the data analyses, and helped with the interpretation of the data and the writing of the manuscript. G.Z. supervised the project and helped with the interpretation of the results, and the writing of the manuscript. All authors have read, edited and approved the manuscript.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
The study was conducted in compliance with the Ethics Code of the Swiss Psychological Society (SPS).
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Baudat, S., Van Petegem, S., Antonietti, JP. et al. Parental Solicitation and Adolescents’ Information Management: The Moderating Role of Autonomy-Supportive Parenting. J Child Fam Stud 29, 426–441 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01687-z
- Parental solicitation
- Autonomy support